Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

42

Gene expression profiles from islets of a β-cell-specific CB1-knockout mice


ABSTRACT: The cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1) regulates insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism in peripheral tissues. CB1 is expressed on pancreatic beta (β)-cells where its functions have not been fully described. We generated a β-cell-specific CB1-knockout (β-CB1-/-) mouse to study the long-term consequences of CB1 ablation on β-cell function in adult mice. β-CB1-/- mice had increased basal- and stimulated-insulin secretion and intra-islet cAMP levels, resulting in primary hyperinsulinemia, as well as increased β-cell viability, proliferation, and islet area. Hyperinsulinemia led to insulin resistance, which was aggravated by a high fat/high glucose diet and weight gain, although β-cells maintained their insulin secretory capacity in response to glucose. Strikingly, islets from β-CB1-/- mice were protected from diet-induced inflammation. Mechanistically we show that this is a consequence of curtailment of oxidative stress and reduced activation of Nlrp3 inflammasome in β-cells. Our data demonstrate CB1 to be a negative regulator of β-cells and a mediator of islet inflammation under conditions of metabolic stress. Overall design: Gene expression profiles from islets from wildtype (β-CB1+/+) (N=4) and a β-cell-specific CB1-knockout (β-CB1-/-) mice (N=3) were examined using gene expression microarray analysis.

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-028005 SurePrint G3 Mouse GE 8x60K Microarray (Feature Number version)

SUBMITTER: Kevin G Becker  

PROVIDER: GSE102027 | GEO | 2018-03-07

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:The cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) regulates insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism in peripheral tissues. CB1R is expressed on pancreatic beta cells and is coupled to the G protein Gαi, suggesting a negative regulation of endogenous signalling in the beta cell. Deciphering the exact function of CB1R in beta cells has been confounded by the expression of this receptor on multiple tissues involved in regulating metabolism. Thus, in models of global genetic or pharmacological CB  ...[more]

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