Transcriptome Analysis of Cold Acclimation in Barley Albina and Xantha Mutants1
ABSTRACT: we investigated the transcriptome of barley albina and xantha mutants and the corresponding wild type to assess the effect of the chloroplast on expression of cold-regulated genes Keywords: stress response Overall design: five barley genotypes with two treatments and three replicates were analysed
Project description:we investigated the transcriptome of barley albina and xantha mutants and the corresponding wild type to assess the effect of the chloroplast on expression of cold-regulated genes Experiment Overall Design: five barley genotypes with two treatments and three replicates were analysed
Project description:The present transcript profiling compares the gene expression during cold-acclimation in different genotypes of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale L.) in order to determine factors influencing frost tolerance. Because of its outstanding robustness against adverse environmental conditions rye is considered to be a model species for abiotic stress tolerance. Wheat is moderate frost-tolerant and barley is most sensitive species in this study. The aim of this study elucidate conserved, as well as, species-specific gene regulation across the Triticeae. Furthermore, transcript abundances were correlated between the distinct frost tolerances of genotypes within each species in order to find candidate genes for frost tolerance. Overall design: Six winter-genotypes of each species with variable frost toleance (3 sensitive, 3 tolerant) were selected and cold-acclimated at 2°C under phytotron conditions. Sampling was done in the middle of photo period at day 0 (control), day 1, day 7 and day 21 of cold-acclimation. RNA's extracted from primary shoots of three biological replications were pooled. Cross-species transcript profiling was applied by using a barley unigene cDNA-macroarray comprising more than 12000 features, spotted in duplicate.
Project description:Gene expression changes in a winter cultivar of barley in response to short and long term cold treatments ****[PLEXdb(http://www.plexdb.org) has submitted this series at GEO on behalf of the original contributor, Ben Trevaskis. The equivalent experiment is BB94 at PLEXdb.] Overall design: treatment: Non-vernalized (3-replications); treatment: Short-term cold (3-replications); treatment: Vernalized (3-replications); treatment: 1 day post-vernalized (3-replications)
Project description:Gene expression changes in a winter cultivar of barley in response to short and long term cold treatments ****[PLEXdb(http://www.plexdb.org) has submitted this series at GEO on behalf of the original contributor, Ben Trevaskis. The equivalent experiment is BB94 at PLEXdb.] treatment: Non-vernalized (3-replications); treatment: Short-term cold (3-replications); treatment: Vernalized (3-replications); treatment: 1 day post-vernalized (3-replications)
Project description:Agilent 44k barley microarray was used to screen calcium dependent cold induced genes. Calcium chelator (EGTA) or calcium channel blocker (lanthanum) or phospholipase C activator (mastoparan) pretreatments were performed to block/enhance calcium response in barley seedlings. Calcium depleted and control plants were cold treated and the difference in the gene expression was investigated. Overall design: Hordeum vulgare, L. cv. Nure / lower part (~1.5 cm) of the stem (hypocotyl and cotyledons) of 4-day-old seedlings / sampling: at 24 hours after the beginning of cold treatment, 2 biological replications per treatment, 15 individual plants per replication
Project description:In this study we used the Affymetrix Barley 1 GeneChip to investigate transcriptome responses of barley cv. Morex to drought over 21 days based on five triplicated stress treatments and a wide range of soil water content treatments. Experiment Overall Design: Three control were collected at 91% SWC. Five soil water content conditions (SWC) were examined (approximately 68% SWC, 38% SWC, 20% SWC, 11% SWC and 9% SWC) and three samples were analysed for each of these.
Project description:Cold stress greatly affects plant growth and crop yield. To identify novel genes and possible mechanisms involved in chilling tolerance responses in rice seedlings, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology was used for genome-wide gene expression profiling analysis to compare three cold-tolerant genotypes and one cold-sensitive genotype under both normal temperature and cold stress treatments.
Project description:To understand physiological mechanisms of cold acclimation in pea, we performed a transcriptomique analysis in order to compare the response to LT treatment in two varieties, one being cold tolerant (Champagne) and the other cold sensitive (Terese). Overall design: For each genotype, course time d2, d5, d10 and d20 gene expression of each treatment (acclimated and non-acclimated) was compared with gene expression of d0 on slides.
Project description:The bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.) (Homoptera: Aphididae) is an important pest on cereals causing plant growth reduction but no specific leaf symptoms. Breeding of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) for R. padi resistance shows that there are several resistance genes involved, reducing aphid growth. In an attempt to identify candidate sequences for resistance-related genes, we performed a microarray analysis of gene expression after two days of aphid infestation in two susceptible barley lines and two genotypes with partial resistance. One of the four lines is a descendant of two of the other genotypes. The analysis revealed large differences in gene induction between the four lines, indicating substantial variation in response even between closely related genotypes. Genes induced in the aphid-infested tissue were mainly related to defence, primary metabolism and signalling. Only twenty-four genes were induced in all lines, none of them related to oxidative stress or secondary metabolism. Few genes were down-regulated and none of those was common to all four lines. There were differences in aphid-induced gene regulation between resistant and susceptible lines, and results from control plants without aphids also revealed differences in constitutive gene expression between the two types of lines. Candidate sequences for both induced and constitutive resistance factors have been identified, among them a proteinase inhibitor, a Ser/Thr kinase and several thionins. Overall design: Four barley genotypes, two (Lina, Kara) with susceptibility to the bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi) and two (Hsp5, 28:4) with partial resistance, were infested with R. padi. After 48 h of aphid feeding, changes in transcript accumulation were analysed by comparing aphid-infested plants with control (uninfested) plants for each genotype. For each treatment, 3 biological replicates were analysed. Overlaps and differences in regulation of RNA abundance were identified between the four genotypes. 28:4 is a descendant of Hsp5 and Lina.