Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

269

Large-scale single cell mapping of the thymic stroma identifies a new thymic epithelial cell lineage [single-cell RNA-seq]


ABSTRACT: T cell development and selection is orchestrated in the thymus by a specialized niche of diverse stromal populations. By transcriptional single cell sorting, we de novo characterize the entire stromal compartment of the thymus. We identified dozens of cell states within the thymic stroma, with thymic epithelial cells (TEC) showing the highest degree of heterogeneity. Our analysis highlights four major medullary TEC (mTEC I-IV) populations, with distinct molecular functions, epigenetic landscapes and lineage regulators. Specifically, mTEC-IV constitutes a new and highly divergent TEC lineage with molecular characteristics of the gut chemosensory epithelial tuft cells. Mice deficient of Pou2f3, a tuft cells master regulator, resulted in complete and specific depletion of mTEC-IV, without affecting other TEC populations. Overall, our study comprehensively defines all stroma cells in the thymus and identifies a new TEC lineage associated with chemosensory properties that may potentially link the adaptive immune system to environmental and neurological signals. Overall design: Transcriptional profiling of single cells from the stroma of mouse thymus, generated from deep sequencing of tens of thousands of cells, sequenced in several batches on illumina Nextseq500

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NextSeq 500 (Mus musculus)

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Ido Amit  

PROVIDER: GSE103967 | GEO | 2018-07-23

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications


T cell development and selection are coordinated in the thymus by a specialized niche of diverse stromal populations1-3. Although much progress has been made over the years in identifying the functions of the different cell types of the thymic stromal compartment, there is no comprehensive characterization of their diversity and heterogeneity. Here we combined massively parallel single-cell RNA-sequencing4,5, spatial mapping, chromatin profiling and gene targeting to characterize de novo the ent  ...[more]

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