Dataset Information


MiRNA profiling in gallbladder carcinoma

ABSTRACT: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is a rare cancer entity in Western Europe and the US with an incidence of less than 3/100.000 and a survival rate <10%. Radical surgery is the only potentially curative treatment option but most patients diagnosed with GBC are not resectable. Thus, there is a great need for the development of new treatment options, including targeted therapy for GBC. To dissect the epigenetic regulation during GBC development, we performed global miRNA profiling of 40 GBC and 8 normal gallbladder tissues. MiRNAs that are associated with survival were functionally analysed by cell proliferation and colony formation assays. In addition, we performed whole genome gene expression analysis of cells expressing miRNA mimics or control and performed biochemical assays to dissect miR-145 signalling. The GBC miRNA profiles exhibited large differences compared to normal gallbladder tissues with 49% of miRNAs being differentially expressed (FDR<0.001). In addition, 8 miRNAs were found to be down- and 16 to be up regulated in the GBCs with poor outcome (p<0.05). The most down regulated miRNA was miR-145-5p and the top up regulated miRNA was miR-575. Overexpression of miR-145 led to a significant reduction of cell proliferation and colony formation, whereas, opposite effects were observed for miR-575. Gene expression profiling of cells overexpressing miR-145 revealed activation of the STAT1 signalling pathway by inhibition of PTPRF in cholangiocellular but not hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Thereby, PTPRF directly bound to STAT1 and reduced STAT1 phosphorylation. This study identified pro- and anti-tumorigenic miRNAs in GBC and provides new mechanistic insight in the tumour suppressive function of miR-145 loss leading to active STAT1 signalling. Overall design: To study the expression profiles of miRNAs in gallbladder carcinoma

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-046064 Unrestricted_Human_miRNA_V19.0_Microarray (miRNA ID version)

SUBMITTER: Justo Lorenzo Bermejo 

PROVIDER: GSE104165 | GEO | 2017-09-23



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