Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

105

The HUSH complex cooperates with TRIM28 to repress young retrotransposons and new genes


ABSTRACT: Retrotransposons encompass half of the human genome and contribute to the formation of heterochromatin, which provides nuclear structure and regulates gene expression. Here, we asked if the human silencing hub (HUSH) complex is necessary to silence retrotransposons and whether it collaborates with TRIM28 and the chromatin remodeler ATRX at specific genomic loci. We show that the HUSH complex contributes to de novo repression and DNA methylation of a SVA retrotransposon reporter. By using naïve vs. primed mouse pluripotent stem cells, we reveal a critical role for the HUSH complex in naïve cells, implicating it in programming epigenetic marks in development. While the HUSH component TASOR binds to endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) and L1s, it is mainly required to repress evolutionarily young L1s. TRIM28, in contrast, is necessary to repress both ERVs and young L1s. Genes co-repressed by TRIM28 and TASOR are evolutionarily young, or exhibit tissue-specific expression, are enriched in young L1s and display evidence for regulation through LTR promoters. Finally, we demonstrate that the HUSH complex is also required to repress L1 elements in human cells. Overall, these data indicate that the HUSH complex and TRIM28 co-repress young retrotransposons and new genes rewired by retrotransposon non-coding DNA. Overall design: Dissection of which transposons and genes the HUSH complex and TRIM28 co-regulate

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NextSeq 500 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Helen M Rowe  

PROVIDER: GSE107840 | GEO | 2018-01-17

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA421664

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

The HUSH complex cooperates with TRIM28 to repress young retrotransposons and new genes.

Robbez-Masson Luisa L   Tie Christopher H C CHC   Conde Lucia L   Tunbak Hale H   Husovsky Connor C   Tchasovnikarova Iva A IA   Timms Richard T RT   Herrero Javier J   Lehner Paul J PJ   Rowe Helen M HM  

Genome research 20180504 6


Retrotransposons encompass half of the human genome and contribute to the formation of heterochromatin, which provides nuclear structure and regulates gene expression. Here, we asked if the human silencing hub (HUSH) complex is necessary to silence retrotransposons and whether it collaborates with TRIM28 and the chromatin remodeler ATRX at specific genomic loci. We show that the HUSH complex contributes to de novo repression and DNA methylation of an SVA retrotransposon reporter. By using naïve  ...[more]

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