Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

101

Tetraspanin family member functionally resolves and facilitates the purification of adult pluripotent stem cells used for whole-body regeneration (Single)


ABSTRACT: Proliferating cells known as neoblasts include pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) capable of sustaining tissue homeostasis and regeneration of lost body parts in planarians. However, the lack of markers to prospectively identify and isolate these adult PSCs has significantly hampered their characterization. We used single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and single cell transplantation to address this long-standing issue. Large-scale scRNA-seq of fluorescently sorted neoblasts unveiled a novel subtype of neoblast (Nb2) characterized by high levels of PIWI-1 mRNA and protein, and marked by a conserved cell-surface protein coding gene, tetraspanin 1 (tspan1). tspan1-positive cells survived sub-lethal irradiation, underwent clonal expansion to repopulate whole animals, and when purified with an anti-TSPAN-1 antibody rescued with high efficiency the viability of lethally irradiated animals after single-cell transplantation. Our work demonstrates the first prospective isolation of an adult PSC, bridges a conceptual dichotomy between operationally and molecularly defined neoblasts, and sheds light on the mechanisms governing in vivo pluripotency and the source of regeneration in planarians. Overall design: 1) Examine gene expression profiles of sorted 80 X1 and 80 Xins cell at single cell level using the plate based single cell RNA-seq platform. Two batch of (40 X1+40 Xins) cells were sorted into individual 96-well plates, and libraries were made by ClonTech v4 full reactions, and quarter-size reactions, respectively. 2) Examine gene expression profiles of sorted X1 cells, and X1+X2 cells survived in 7-day irradiation by 10X scRNA-Seq platform.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Schmidtea mediterranea)

SUBMITTER: Hua Li  

PROVIDER: GSE107873 | GEO | 2018-06-14

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Proliferating cells known as neoblasts include pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) that sustain tissue homeostasis and regeneration of lost body parts in planarians. However, the lack of markers to prospectively identify and isolate these adult PSCs has significantly hampered their characterization. We used single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and single-cell transplantation to address this long-standing issue. Large-scale scRNA-seq of sorted neoblasts unveiled a novel subtype of neoblast (Nb2) char  ...[more]

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