Dataset Information


Mediator and Pol II form diffraction-sized condensates dependent on active transcription in living stem cells

ABSTRACT: Gene activation is thought to involve a multistep process whereby transcription factors bind to distal enhancer sites and recruit the Mediator complex which contacts the pre-initiating RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) complex assembled at the start site of the gene. The interaction of Mediator and Pol II has yet to be observed in the nucleus of living cells and the dynamics of this interaction are not yet elucidated. Here we use quantitative live cell super-resolution and light sheet imaging to study the organization and dynamics of endogenous Mediator and Pol II directly in living mouse embryonic stem cells. In addition to forming transient clusters with average lifetimes of 11.1 (± 0.9) s, and 12.1 (± 1.4) s respectively, Mediator and Pol II also form large and stable clusters in stem cells (~15 stable clusters per cell). The large and stable Mediator and Pol II clusters gradually disappear within hours after induction of stem cell differentiation. Mediator and Pol II colocalize in the large clusters. Inhibition of Brd4 bromodomains necessary for enhancer association eliminates both Mediator and Pol II stable clusters, and inhibition of transcription elongation selectively eliminates stable Pol II but not stable Mediator clusters. Tracking of Mediator and Pol II stable clusters suggests they are chromatin associated and they coalesce upon contact, a property associated with phase separated droplets. We conclude that Mediator and Pol II associate in diffraction-sized condensates with a defined lifetime dependent on active transcription in living stem cells. Overall design: H3K27ac, RPB1, and Dendra2 ChIP-seq in WT and Dendra2-RPB1, Halo-MED19 tagged (DRHM) R1 mouse ES cells in the ES state and the EpiLC state.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Mus musculus)

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Charles Li  

PROVIDER: GSE115436 | GEO | 2018-07-22


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Mediator and RNA polymerase II clusters associate in transcription-dependent condensates.

Cho Won-Ki WK   Spille Jan-Hendrik JH   Hecht Micca M   Lee Choongman C   Li Charles C   Grube Valentin V   Cisse Ibrahim I II  

Science (New York, N.Y.) 20180621 6400

Models of gene control have emerged from genetic and biochemical studies, with limited consideration of the spatial organization and dynamics of key components in living cells. We used live-cell superresolution and light-sheet imaging to study the organization and dynamics of the Mediator coactivator and RNA polymerase II (Pol II) directly. Mediator and Pol II each form small transient and large stable clusters in living embryonic stem cells. Mediator and Pol II are colocalized in the stable clu  ...[more]

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