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Molecular Profiling of Primitive Hematopoietic Cells Generated In Vitro from Human Embryonic Stem Cells and In Vivo during Embryogenesis

ABSTRACT: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) offer an important model for investigating the human hematopoietic celldevelopment. Here, we used long serial analysis of gene expression and quantitative real-time PCR to characterize two subsets of primitive hematopoietic cells derived in vitro from hESCs. This revealed differences in their expression of genes associated with lymphoid and myeloid development, cellular biosynthetic processes, and cell cycle regulation. Further comparisons with analogous data for primitive hematopoietic cells isolated from first trimester human fetal liver and newborn cord blood showed a strong similarity between the transcriptomes of the most primitive hESC- and in vivo-derived populations, with the main differences involving genes that regulate HSC development, self-renewal and homing, chromatin remodeling, AP1 transcription complex genes, and non-coding RNAs. These data suggest that primitive hematopoietic cells are generated from hESCs in vitro by processes similar to those operative during human embryogenesis in vivo, although some differences were also detected. Overall design: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are capable of indefinite self-renewal but can also be induced to undergo a stepwise process of differentiation into a spectrum of recognizable mature blood cell types. However, a clear understanding of the molecular mechanism by which the first hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) acquire their unique defining properties of self-renewal and repopulating potential is lacking. As a first step towards obtaining the information needed to close this gap, we have undertaken a comparative gene expression analysis of different highly purified primitive human hematopoietic subpopulations (erythroid-megakaryocytic progenitor enriched CD43+CD235a+CD41a+/- cells, mutiplepotent progenitor enriched lin-CD34+CD43+CD45-, and lin-CD34+CD43+CD45+ cells) generated either in vitro from hESCs or in vivo from fetal (human fetal liver lin-CD34+CD38- cells) or neonatal hematopoietic primitive cells (human cord blood lin-CD34+CD38- and lin-CD34+CD38+ cells). This involved preparing a long serial analysis of gene expression (LongSAGE) library from an extracts of each prospectively isolated subpopulation and then sequencing each library to a depth of 200,000 tags.

INSTRUMENT(S): SAGE:17:NlaIII:Homo sapiens

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  


PROVIDER: GSE11795 | GEO | 2008-06-18



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