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Serotonin signals through a gut-liver axis to regulate hepatic steatosis

ABSTRACT: Purpose: While various functions of peripheral serotonin are known, the direct role of serotonin in regulating hepatic lipid metabolism in vivo is not well understood. We studied whether serotonin directly acts on liver to regulate lipid metabolism. Methods: Methods: 12 weeks aged liver-specific Htr2a KO (Albumin-Cre+/-; Htr2aflox/flox, herein named Htr2a LKO) mice and wildtype (WT) littermates were fed a high-fat diet (HFD, 60% fat calories) for 8 weeks. Results: Hepatic lipid droplet accumulation, NAFLD activity score, and hepatic triglyceride levels were dramatically reduced in HFD-fed Htr2a LKO mice compared to WT littermates. Conclusions: Gut-derived serotonin is a direct regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism via a gut TPH1-liver HTR2A endocrine axis. And shows promise as a novel drug target to ameliorate NAFLD with minimal systemic metabolic effects. Overall design: Liver mRNA profiles of wild type (WT) and Htr2a LKO mice were generated by deep sequencing, in triplicate, using Illumina Hiseq.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NextSeq 500 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: Byoung-Ha Yoon  

PROVIDER: GSE120662 | GEO | 2018-11-27


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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing in worldwide prevalence, closely tracking the obesity epidemic, but specific pharmaceutical treatments for NAFLD are lacking. Defining the key molecular pathways underlying the pathogenesis of NAFLD is essential for developing new drugs. Here we demonstrate that inhibition of gut-derived serotonin synthesis ameliorates hepatic steatosis through a reduction in liver serotonin receptor 2A (HTR2A) signaling. Local serotonin concentrations in th  ...[more]

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