MiRNA expression profile in subcutaneous adipose tissue from morbid obese patients
ABSTRACT: To evaluate wether miRNA expression patterns contributes to obesity total RNA were purified from subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT)and used in miRNA microarrays. Platform contain LNA-modified probes for all human miRNAs present in release 8.2 of the miRBase microRNA Registry. Two RNA pools from 3 non obese men (CM) and from 5 non obese women (CW) were used as controls. Expression profiling revealed that a large set of miRNAs is expressed in SAT. Forty two miRNAs changed by at least 1.5 folds in 17/20 obese subjects versus non obese control pool. Particularly, 21/42 were up-regulated and 21/42 were down-regulated. Among the differentially expressed miRNA, miR-519d, miR-498 and miR-150 were up-regulated, miR-659 and miR-371-3p_MM2 were down-regulated consistently in 20/20 obese subjects. Overall design: To search for miRNAs eventually associated with obesity we used a microarray to evaluate the expression of 1458 different miRNAs in 10 obese women (OBW) and 10 obese men (OBM). Two RNA pools from 3 non obese men (CM) and from 5 non obese women (CW) were used as controls.
Project description:To evaluate wether miRNA expression patterns contributes to obesity total RNA were purified from subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT)and used in miRNA microarrays. Platform contain LNA-modified probes for all human miRNAs present in release 8.2 of the miRBase microRNA Registry. Two RNA pools from 3 non obese men (CM) and from 5 non obese women (CW) were used as controls. Expression profiling revealed that a large set of miRNAs is expressed in SAT. Forty two miRNAs changed by at least 1.5 folds in 17/20 obese subjects versus non obese control pool. Particularly, 21/42 were up-regulated and 21/42 were down-regulated. Among the differentially expressed miRNA, miR-519d, miR-498 and miR-150 were up-regulated, miR-659 and miR-371-3p_MM2 were down-regulated consistently in 20/20 obese subjects. To search for miRNAs eventually associated with obesity we used a microarray to evaluate the expression of 1458 different miRNAs in 10 obese women (OBW) and 10 obese men (OBM). Two RNA pools from 3 non obese men (CM) and from 5 non obese women (CW) were used as controls.
Project description:Exosomal micro (mi)RNAs have been suggested to have important roles in abdominal obesity, and to be associated with metabolic alterations via posttranscriptional regulation of target genes. However, exosomal miRNA profiles in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) have rarely been investigated. In the present study, microarray data were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database with the following accession numbers: GSE68885 (exosomal miRNAs in SAT obtained from seven patients with obesity and five lean patients), GSE50574 (exosomal miRNAs in VAT obtained from seven patients with obesity and five lean patients) and GSE29718 [mRNAs in SAT (obtained from seven patients with obesity and eight lean patients) and VAT (obtained from three patients with obesity and two lean patients)]. Differentially expressed (DE)‑miRNAs and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the Linear Models for Microarray Data method, and mRNA targets of DE‑miRNAs were predicted using the miRWalk2.0 database. Potential functions of DE‑miRNA target genes were determined using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. As a result, 10 exosomal DE‑miRNAs were identified in SAT between patients with obesity and lean patients, while 58 DE‑miRNAs were identified in VAT between patients with obesity and lean patients. miRNA (miR)‑4517 was revealed to be a downregulated exosomal miRNA between SAT and VAT, while the other DE‑miRNAs were SAT‑(e.g. hsa‑miR‑3156‑5p and hsa‑miR‑4460) or VAT‑(e.g. hsa‑miR‑582‑5p, hsa‑miR‑566 and miR‑548) specific. Following overlapping with the target genes of DE‑miRNAs, only one DEG [cluster of differentiation 86 (CD86)] was identified in SAT samples, whereas 25 DEGs (e.g. fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), FOS like 2, AP‑1 transcription factor subunit (FOSL2); and adenosine monophosphate deaminase 3 (AMPD3)] were identified in VAT samples. CD86 was revealed to be regulated by hsa‑miR‑3156‑5p; whereas FGF2, FOSL2 and AMPD3 were revealed to be regulated by hsa‑miR‑582‑5p, hsa‑miR‑566 and miR‑548, respectively. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated that these target genes may be associated with inflammation. In conclusion, exosomal miRNAs may represent underlying therapeutic targets for the treatment of abdominal obesity and metabolic disorders via regulation of inflammatory genes.
Project description:Both obesity and weight loss may cause molecular changes in adipose tissue. This study aimed to characterize changes in adipose tissue miRNome in order to identify molecular pathways affected by obesity and weight changes. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) differentially expressed in 47 samples of visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissues from normal-weight (N), obese (O) and obese after surgery-induced weight loss (PO) individuals. Subsequently miRNA expression was validated by real-time PCR in 197 adipose tissues and bioinformatics analysis performed to identify molecular pathways affected by obesity-related changes in miRNA expression. NGS identified 344 miRNAs expressed in adipose tissues with ?5 reads per million. Using >2 and <-2 fold change as cut-offs we showed that the expression of 54 miRNAs differed significantly between VAT-O and SAT-O. Equally, between SAT-O and SAT-N, the expression of 20 miRNAs differed significantly, between SAT-PO and SAT-N the expression of 79 miRNAs differed significantly, and between SAT-PO and SAT-O, the expression of 61 miRNAs differed significantly. Ontological analyses disclosed several molecular pathways regulated by these miRNAs in adipose tissue. NGS-based miRNome analysis characterized changes of the miRNA profile of adipose tissue, which are associated with changes of weight possibly responsible for a differential regulation of molecular pathways in adipose tissue when the individual is obese and after the individual has lost weight.
Project description:INTRODUCTION: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are being increasingly studied in relation to energy metabolism and body composition homeostasis. Indeed, the quantitative analysis of miRNAs expression in different adiposity conditions may contribute to understand the intimate mechanisms participating in body weight control and to find new biomarkers with diagnostic or prognostic value in obesity management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the search for miRNAs in blood cells whose expression could be used as prognostic biomarkers of weight loss. METHODS: Ten Caucasian obese women were selected among the participants in a weight-loss trial that consisted in following an energy-restricted treatment. Weight loss was considered unsuccessful when <5% of initial body weight (non-responders) and successful when >5% (responders). At baseline, total miRNA isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was sequenced with SOLiD v4. The miRNA sequencing data were validated by RT-PCR. RESULTS: Differential baseline expression of several miRNAs was found between responders and non-responders. Two miRNAs were up-regulated in the non-responder group (mir-935 and mir-4772) and three others were down-regulated (mir-223, mir-224 and mir-376b). Both mir-935 and mir-4772 showed relevant associations with the magnitude of weight loss, although the expression of other transcripts (mir-874, mir-199b, mir-766, mir-589 and mir-148b) also correlated with weight loss. CONCLUSIONS: This research addresses the use of high-throughput sequencing technologies in the search for miRNA expression biomarkers in obesity, by determining the miRNA transcriptome of PBMC. Basal expression of different miRNAs, particularly mir-935 and mir-4772, could be prognostic biomarkers and may forecast the response to a hypocaloric diet.
Project description:Background:Small noncoding microRNA (miRNA) have regulatory functions in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) that differ to those in women without PCOS. However, little is known about miRNA expression in women with PCOS who are not insulin resistant (IR). Methods:Circulating miRNAs were measured using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in 24 non-obese BMI and age matched women with PCOS and 24 control women. A miRNA data set was used to determine miRNA levels. Results:Women with PCOS showed a higher free androgen index (FAI) and anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) but IR did not differ. Four miRNAs (miR-1260a, miR-18b-5p, miR-424-5p, and miR let-7b-3p) differed between control and PCOS women that passed the false discovery rate (FDR) out of a total of 177 circulating miRNAs that were detected. MiRNA let-7b-3p correlated with AMH in PCOS (p < 0.05). When the groups were combined, miR-1260a correlated with FAI and let-7b-3p correlated with body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.05). There was no correlation to androgen levels. Ingenuity pathway analysis showed that nine of the top 10 miRNAs reported were associated with inflammatory pathways. Conclusion:When IR did not differ between PCOS and control women, only four miRNA differed significantly suggesting that IR may be a driver for many of the miRNA changes reported. Let-7b-3p was related to AMH in PCOS, and to BMI as a group, whilst miR-1260a correlated with FAI. Androgen levels, however, had no effect upon circulating miRNA profiles. The expressed miRNAs were associated with the inflammatory pathway involving TNF and IL6.
Project description:Obesity leads to an amplified risk of disease and contributes to the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease and various types of cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNA molecules of 20-25 nucleotides, can remain stable in plasma and have been studied as potential (predictive) biomarkers for obesity and related metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to identify circulating miRNAs as biomarkers for obesity status and metabolic alterations in women. Circulating miR-216a and miR-155-5p were selected by miRNA expression profiling and validated by real time quantitative PCR in a validation cohort of 60 obese women and 60 normal weight-age-matched control women. This was supplemented by correlation analysis of the candidate miRNA and anthropometric variables, blood biochemistry and lipid profile markers. Circulating miR-216a was validated as a biomarker of obesity status with significantly reduced levels in obese women. Interestingly, this was associated with a negative correlation between the plasma miR-216a content and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, mean arterial pressure (MAP), triglycerides, ratio of total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and high sensitivity-C reactive protein (hs-CRP).Taken together, we provide evidence for an abnormally expressed circulating miRNA, miR-216a, with additive value as a predictive marker for obesity that correlates with metabolic alterations presented by lipid profile and inflammatory markers.
Project description:Obese women exhibit decreased fertility, high miscarriage rates and dysfunctional corpus luteum (CL), but molecular mechanisms are poorly defined. We hypothesized that weight gain induces alterations in CL gene expression. RNA sequencing was used to identify changes in the CL transcriptome in the vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) during weight gain. 10 months of high-fat, high-fructose diet (HFHF) resulted in a 20% weight gain for HFHF animals vs. 2% for controls (p = 0.03) and a 66% increase in percent fat mass for HFHF group. Ovulation was confirmed at baseline and after intervention in all animals. CL were collected on luteal day 7-9 based on follicular phase estradiol peak. 432 mRNAs and 9 miRNAs were differentially expressed in response to HFHF diet. Specifically, miR-28, miR-26, and let-7b previously shown to inhibit sex steroid production in human granulosa cells, were up-regulated. Using integrated miRNA and gene expression analysis, we demonstrated changes in 52 coordinately regulated mRNA targets corresponding to opposite changes in miRNA. Specifically, 2 targets of miR-28 and 10 targets of miR-26 were down-regulated, including genes linked to follicular development, steroidogenesis, granulosa cell proliferation and survival. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of dietary-induced responses of the ovulating ovary to developing adiposity. The observed HFHF diet-induced changes were consistent with development of a dysfunctional CL and provide new mechanistic insights for decreased sex steroid production characteristic of obese women. MiRNAs may represent novel biomarkers of obesity-related subfertility and potential new avenues for therapeutic intervention.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare and poorly characterized disease. Recent genomic and transcriptomic studies contributed to elucidate the molecular bases of the syndrome. In this study, we characterized the expression of circulating miRNAs in patients with PWS compared to those with non-syndromic obesity in association with liver steatosis. METHODS:MiRNAs were studied by qRT-PCR in serum samples from 30 PWS and 30 non-syndromic obese subjects. RESULTS:MiRNA expression was associated with the presence of the syndrome and to the grade of liver steatosis. MiR-122-5p, miR-151a, miR-92a-3p were up-regulated in obese (4.38-fold, p < 0.01; 2.72-fold, p < 0.05; 1.34-fold p < 0.05, respectively) and were able to differentiate obese from PWS (AUC = 0.81, sens/spec 78/71%). When stratifying groups according to the presence of steatosis, the expression of miR-151a-5p, miR-92a-3p, miR-106b-5p, and miR-93-5p were lower in PWS with steatosis grade 1. Within the group with steatosis grade 1, miR-151a-5p was significantly distinguished PWS from obese (AUC = 0.85, sens/spec 80/85%) and the combination of miR-106b-5p and miR-93-5p showed higher performances in discriminating different grades of steatosis in PWS (AUC = 0.84, sens/spec 93/74%). CONCLUSIONS:MiRNAs represent a tool to better classify and characterize PWS, providing new information about the clinical picture and the extent of steatosis.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression with emerging data suggesting miRNAs play a role in skeletal muscle biology. We sought to examine the association of miRNAs with grip strength in a community-based sample. Framingham Heart Study Offspring and Generation 3 participants (n = 5668 54% women, mean age 55 years, range 24, 90 years) underwent grip strength measurement and miRNA profiling using whole blood from fasting morning samples. Linear mixed-effects regression modeling of grip strength (kg) versus continuous miRNA 'Cq' values and versus binary miRNA expression was performed. We conducted an integrative miRNA-mRNA coexpression analysis and examined the enrichment of biologic pathways for the top miRNAs associated with grip strength. Grip strength was lower in women than in men and declined with age with a mean 44.7 (10.0) kg in men and 26.5 (6.3) kg in women. Among 299 miRNAs interrogated for association with grip strength, 93 (31%) had FDR q value < 0.05, 54 (18%) had an FDR q value < 0.01, and 15 (5%) had FDR q value < 0.001. For almost all miRNA-grip strength associations, increasing miRNA concentration is associated with increasing grip strength. miR-20a-5p (FDR q 1.8 × 10-6 ) had the most significant association and several among the top 15 miRNAs had links to skeletal muscle including miR-126-3p, miR-30a-5p, and miR-30d-5p. The top associated biologic pathways included metabolism, chemokine signaling, and ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. Our comprehensive assessment in a community-based sample of miRNAs in blood associated with grip strength provides a framework to further our understanding of the biology of muscle strength.
Project description:Background: Given the role that vitamin D (VD) plays in the regulation of the inflammatory activity of adipocytes, we aimed to assess whether obesity changes the expression of VD-related genes in adipose tissue and, if so, to investigate whether this phenomenon depends on microRNA interference and how it may influence the local inflammatory milieu. Methods: The expression of genes encoding VD 1?-hydroxylase (CYP27B1), 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1) and receptor (VDR), selected interleukins and microRNAs was evaluated by real-time PCR in visceral (VAT) and in subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissues of 55 obese (BMI > 40 kg/m2) and 31 normal-weight (BMI 20-24.9 kg/m2) individuals. Results: VDR mRNA levels were higher, while CYP27B1 levels were lower in adipose tissues of obese patients than in those of normal-weight controls (VAT: P = 0.04, SAT: P < 0.0001 and VAT: P = 0.004, SAT: P = 0.016, respectively). The expression of VDR in VAT of obese subjects correlated negatively with levels of miR-125a-5p (P = 0.0006, rs = -0.525), miR-125b-5p (P = 0.001, rs = -0.495), and miR-214-3p (P = 0.009, rs = -0.379). Additionally, VDR mRNA concentrations in visceral adipose tissues of obese subjects correlated positively with mRNA levels of interleukins: 1?, 6 and 8. Conclusions: We observed obesity-associated up-regulation of VDR and down-regulation of CYP27B mRNA levels in adipose tissue. VDR expression correlates with the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and may be regulated by miRNAs.