Transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of wild type and MYOCD overexpression in human lung cancer cell line A549.
ABSTRACT: Purpose: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized systems-based analysis of cellular pathways. The goals of this study are to compare transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of wild type and MYOCD overexpression in human lung cancer cell line A549. Methods: mRNA profiles of wild type（WT） and MYOCD overexpression (MYOCD) human lung cancer cell line A549 were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina GAIIx. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were analyzed at the transcript isoform level with two methods: Burrows–Wheeler Aligner (BWA) followed by ANOVA (ANOVA) and TopHat followed by Cufflinks. qRT–PCR validation was performed using TaqMan and SYBR. Overall design: mRNA profiles of human lung cancer cell line A549 with no treatment (WT) and MYOCD overexpression (MYOCD) were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 4000.
Project description:Purpose: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized systems-based analysis of cellular pathways. The goals of this study are to compare transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of wild type and MYOCD Knockdown in human lung cancer cell line A549. Methods: mRNA profiles of wild type（WT） and Dox inducible MYOCD Knockdown (MYOCD−/−) human lung cancer cell line A549 were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina GAIIx. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were analyzed at the transcript isoform level with two methods: Burrows–Wheeler Aligner (BWA) followed by ANOVA (ANOVA) and TopHat followed by Cufflinks. qRT–PCR validation was performed using TaqMan and SYBR. Overall design: mRNA profiles of human lung cancer cell line A549 with no treatment (WT) and MYOCD knockdown (MYOCD−/−) were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 4000.
Project description:Purpose: Genome-wide DNA-binding analysis for Myocardin in human lung cancer cell line A549 Overall design: MYOCD was stably overexpressed in lung cancer cell line A549 by pWPI vector. The stable cell line was harvested and simultaneously immune precipititated by IgG or anti-Myocardin antibody.
Project description:Cancer cell migration is involved in tumour metastasis. However, the relationship between calcium signalling and cancer migration is not well elucidated. In this study, we used the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line to examine the role of endoplasmic reticulum protein 44 (ERP44), which has been reported to regulate calcium release inside of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), in cell migration. We found that the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs/ITPRs) inhibitor 2-APB significantly inhibited A549 cell migration by inhibiting cell polarization and pseudopodium protrusion, which suggests that Ca2+ is necessary for A549 cell migration. Similarly, the overexpression of ERP44 reduced intracellular Ca2+ release via IP3Rs, altered cell morphology and significantly inhibited the migration of A549 cells. These phenomena were primarily dependent on IP3R2 because wound healing in A549 cells with IP3R2 rather than IP3R1 or IP3R3 siRNA was markedly inhibited. Moreover, the overexpression of ERP44 did not affect the migration of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, which mainly expresses IP3R1. Based on the above observations, we conclude that ERP44 regulates A549 cell migration mainly via an IP3R2-dependent pathway.
Project description:Accumulating experimental evidence indicates that overexpression of the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase, Axl, plays a key role in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of various types of cancer. The objective of this study is to design a novel imaging probe based on the monoclonal antibody, h173, for microPET imaging of Axl expression in human lung cancer. A bifunctional chelator, DOTA, was conjugated to h173, followed by radiolabeling with (64)Cu. The binding of DOTA-h173 to the Axl receptor was first evaluated by a cell uptake assay and flow cytometry analysis using human lung cancer cell lines. The probe (64)Cu-DOTA-h173 was further evaluated by microPET imaging, and ex vivo histology studies in the Axl-positive A549 tumors. In vitro cellular study showed that Axl probe, (64)Cu-DOTA-h173, was highly immuno-reactive with A549 cells. Western blot analysis confirmed that Axl is highly expressed in the A549 cell line. For microPET imaging, the A549 xenografts demonstrated a significantly higher (64)Cu-DOTA-h173 uptake compared to the NCI-H249 xenograft (a negative control model). Furthermore, (64)Cu-DOTA-h173 uptake in A549 is significantly higher than that of (64)Cu-DOTA-hIgG. Immuno-fluorescence staining was consistent with the in vivo micro-PET imaging results. In conclusion, (64)Cu-DOTA-h173 could be potentially used as a probe for noninvasive imaging of Axl expression, which could collect important information regarding tumor response to Axl-targeted therapeutic interventions.
Project description:Cisplatin is the standard first-line chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, resistance to chemotherapy has been a major obstacle in the management of NSCLC. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1) overexpression has been observed in a variety of cancers, including lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ALDH1A1 expression on cisplatin resistance and explore the mechanism responsible.Reverse transcriptase-PCR was applied to measure the messenger RNA expression of ALDH1A1, while Western blot assay was employed to evaluate the protein expression of ALDH1A1, B-cell lymphoma 2, Bcl-2-like protein 4, phospho-protein kinase B (p-AKT) and AKT. A short hairpin RNA was used to knockdown ALDH1A1 expression. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was used to determine the effect of ALDH1A1 decrease on cell viability. The cell apoptotic rate was tested using flow cytometry assay.ALDH1A1 is overexpressed in cisplatin resistant cell line A549/DDP, compared with A549. ALDH1A1 depletion significantly decreased A549/DDP proliferation, increased apoptosis, and reduced cisplatin resistance. In addition, the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) / AKT pathway is activated in A549/DDP, and ALDH1A1 knockdown reduced the phosphorylation level of AKT. Moreover, the combination of ALDH1A1-short hairpin RNA and PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor LY294002 markedly inhibited cell viability, enhanced apoptotic cell death, and increased cisplatin sensitivity.These results suggest that ALDH1A1 depletion could reverse cisplatin resistance in human lung cancer cell line A549/DDP, and may act as a potential target for the treatment of lung cancers resistant to cisplatin.
Project description:Biological effects of overexpression of miR-146b microRNAs in the A549 human lung cancer cell-line was studied. A549 cells were engineered to express the precursor RNA (pre-miR-146b) that generates the miR-146b microRNAs. Control cells were engineered using the same gene expression plasmid (pLemiR, Open Biosystems®) but without the pre-miR-146b insert. The Trans-Lentiviral GIPZ™ packaging system (Open Biosystems®) was used to generate stable transfectant populations of the engineered cells. Gene expression was compared between A549 stable transfectants of empty pLemiR plasmid (A549/vec cells) or of the pLemiR plasmid containing an insert for overexpressing human pre-miR-146b (A549/146b cells). Two different cell cultures were used for each cell-line (for biological replicates).
Project description:To investigate the effects of the transducer of ErbB-2.1 (TOB1) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human lung cancer cells in vitro.Human lung cancer cell lines (95-D, A549, NCI-H1299, NCI-H1975, NCI-H661, NCI-H446, NCI-H1395, and Calu-3) and the normal human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cell line were tested. The expression levels of TOB1 in the cells were determined with Western blot and RT-PCR analyses. TOB1-overexpressing cell line 95-D/TOB1 was constructed using lipofectamine-induced TOB1 recombinant plasmid transfection and selective G418 cell culture. The A549 cells were transcend-transfected with TOB1-siRNA. MTT assay, flow cytometry and Western blot analysis were used to examine the effects of TOB1 on cancer cell proliferation and wound healing. Transwell invasive assay was performed to evaluate the effects of TOB1 on cancer cell migration and invasion. The activity of MMP2 and MMP9 was measured using gelatin zymography assay.The expression levels of TOB1 in the 8 human lung cancer cell lines were significantly lower than that in HBE cells. TOB1 overexpression inhibited the proliferation of 95-D cells, whereas TOB1 knockdown with TOB1-siRNA promoted the growth of A549 cells. Decreased cell migration and invasion were detected in 95-D/TOB1 cells, and the suppression of TOB1 enhanced the metastasis in A549 cells. TOB1 overexpression not only increased the expression of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), an important tumor suppressor, but also regulated the downstream effectors in the PI3K/PTEN signaling pathway, including Akt, ERK1/2, etc. In contrast, decreased expression of TOB1 oppositely regulated the expression of these factors. TOB1 also regulates the gelatinase activity of MMP2 and MMP9 in lung cancer cells.The results demonstrate that the PI3K/PTEN pathway, which is essential for carcinogenesis, angiogenesis, and metastasis, may be one of the possible signaling pathways for regulation of proliferation and metastasis of human lung cancer cells by TOB1 in vitro.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve important regulatory roles in human tumors. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of ribonuclease P RNA component H1 (RPPH1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). RPPH1 expression was assessed in datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas, as well as lung cancer cell lines and patients with NSCLC. RPPH1 was significantly upregulated in NSCLC cell lines, compared with a normal lung epithelial cell line. Moreover, high RPPH1 expression was associated with poor overall survival and disease progression. RPPH1 was knocked down in A549 and H1299 cells using short hairpin (sh) RNA constructs, and the expressions of target genes and proteins were determined by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blotting. Cell invasion potential was also determined using Transwell Matrigel assays. Compared with the negative control, RPPH1 silencing significantly reduced the number of invading cells, increased E-cadherin expression and reduced vimentin protein expression. Cell resistance to cisplatin/cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum (CDDP) was also evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assays. RPPH1 overexpression increased the resistance of A549 and H1299 cells to CDDP. Moreover, the potential interactions between RPPH1, microRNA (miR)-326 and Wnt family member 2B (WNT2B) were investigated using luciferase reporter assays and co-transfection experiments. MiR-326 expression was directly inhibited by RPPH1. In A549 cells co-transfected with shRPPH1 and miR-326 inhibitor, the invading cell number significantly increased compared with cells transfected with shRPPH1 alone. In addition, E-cadherin expression levels were reduced, and vimentin was upregulated. MiR-326 overexpression partially reduced the resistance of A549 cells to CDDP induced by RPPH1 overexpression. WNT2B expression was directly suppressed using miR-326. A549 cells co-transfected with a miR-326 mimic and a WNT2B overexpression vector demonstrated increased invasion potential, reduced E-cadherin and increased vimentin protein expression levels, compared with cells transfected with the mimic alone. miR-326 overexpression reduced CDDP resistance in A549 cells. However, co-transfection with WNT2B partially enhanced CDDP resistance, compared with the mimic alone. In conclusion, RPPH1 promoted NSCLC progression and lung cancer cell resistance to CDDP through miR-326 and WNT2B.
Project description:NEDD9 is important for lung cancer metastasis. However, the detailed mechanism remains elusive. Using the microarray data generated with human lung cancer cell lines with either NEDD9 overexpression or NEDD9 knockdown, we plan to idnetify important signal pathways regulated by NEDD9. This may explain how NEDD9 excutes its function in lung cancer. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during this process. Human lung cancer cell line A549, which has LKB1 loss-of-function mutation and increased expression of NEDD9, was used for two individual NEDD9 knockdown. Human lung cancer cell line CRL-5907, which has wild-type LKB1 and low NEDD9 expression level, was used for NEDD9 overexpression. The microarray was done in A549 cells, A549 cells with two different NEDD9 knockdown; CRL-5907 cells and CRL-5907 cells with NEDD9 overexpression.