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Impaired adult hippocampal neurogenesis in a mouse model of familial hypercholesterolemia: a role for the LDL receptor and cholesterol metabolism in adult neural precursor cells (LDL treatment)

ABSTRACT: In familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), mutations in the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLr) gene result in increased plasma LDL cholesterol. Clinical and preclinical studies revealed an association between FH and hippocampus-related memory and mood impairment. We here asked whether hippocampal pathology in FH might be a consequence of compromised adult hippocampal neurogenesis. We evaluated hippocampus-dependent behaviour and neurogenesis in adult C57BL/6JRj and LDLr-/- mice. Behavioural tests revealed that adult LDLr-/- mice showed reduced performance in a dentate gyrus (DG)-dependent metric change task. This phenotype was accompanied by a reduction in cell proliferation and adult neurogenesis in the DG of LDLr-/- mice, suggesting a potential direct impact of LDLr mutation on NPC. We thus investigated the effects of elevated cholesterol and the function of LDLr in neural precursor cells (NPC) isolated from adult C57BL/6JRj mice in vitro. Exposure of NPC to LDL as well as LDLr gene knockdown reduced proliferation and disrupted transcriptional activity of genes involved in endogenous cholesterol synthesis and metabolism. The LDL treatment also induced an increase in intracellular lipid storage. Functional analysis of differentially expressed genes revealed parallel modulation of distinct regulatory networks upon LDL treatment and LDLr knockdown. Together, these results suggest that high LDL levels and a loss of LDLr function, which are characteristic to individuals with FH, might contribute to a disease-related impairment in adult hippocampal neurogenesis and, consequently, cognitive functions. Overall design: Adult mouse hippocampal progenitor cells propagated in vitro were treated with human LDL or saline as a conrol for 48 h prior RNA extraction. Three independent replicates from different passages were performed.

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-028005 SurePrint G3 Mouse GE 8x60K Microarray (Feature Number version)

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Gerd Kempermann  

PROVIDER: GSE136792 | GEO | 2019-09-04


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