Clinical response of metastatic gastric cancer patients to cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF) combination chemotherapy
ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to identify transcriptional profiles predictive of a clinical response of metastatic gastric cancer patients to cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF) combination chemotherapy. Overall design: Endoscopic biopsy samples were collected from CF-treated metastatic gastric cancer patients prior to therapy and following the development of resistance to therapy.
INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133A_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133A 2.0 Array
Project description:This study was conducted to identify transcriptional profiles predictive of a clinical response of metastatic gastric cancer patients to cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF) combination chemotherapy. Endoscopic biopsy samples were collected from CF-treated metastatic gastric cancer patients prior to therapy and following the development of resistance to therapy.
Project description:This study was conducted to identify dysregulated genes associated with acquired resistance to chemotherapy. Endoscopic biopsy samples were collected from CF-treated metastatic gastric cancer patients prior to therapy and following the development of resistance to therapy.
Project description:This study was conducted to identify dysregulated genes associated with acquired resistance to chemotherapy. Overall design: Endoscopic biopsy samples were collected from CF-treated metastatic gastric cancer patients prior to therapy and following the development of resistance to therapy.
Project description:Despite the effort in defining the molecular mechanisms for the drug resistance, predictors of response to chemotherapy have yet to be developed in gastric cancer. With microarray of whole human genes, we determined 29 genes associated with the response to cisplatin and docetaxel combination chemotherapy for metastatic gastric cancer. We obtained Fresh-frozen samples of tumor tissue and background gastric mucosa tissue from 19 patients with gastric cancer by endoscopic biopsy before DCS therapy. Total RNA was extracted from individual microdissected populations of cancer cells and background mucosa cells using RNAeasy mini kits and amplified with a random primer, WT-Ovation FFPE RNA Amplification System V2; NuGEN, Cincinnati, Ohio) according to the manufacturer’s protocols. The amplified fragmented RNA was hybridized on a Whole Human Genome Oligo Microarray Chip (Agilent Technologies) containing 44,000 cDNA clones.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE14208: Clinical response of metastatic gastric cancer patients to cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF) combination chemotherapy GSE14209: Dysregulated genes associated with acquired resistance Refer to individual Series
Project description:microRNA profiling of gastric cancer vs. normal, pre-/-post CF (cisplatin/fluorouracil) chemotherapy. Biopsy samples were collected prior to chemotherapy from 90 gastric cancer patients treated with CF and from 34 healthy volunteers. At the time of disease progression, post-treatment samples were collected from 8 clinical responders. miRNA expression was determined using a custom-designed Agilent microarray. In order to identify an miRNA signature for chemotherapy resistance, we correlated miRNA expression levels with the time to progression (TTP) after CF. 90 pre-treatment gastric cancer samples, 34 healthy volunteers, 8 post-treatment samples.
Project description:A small-scale whole genome microarray study of gene expression in human native nasal epithelial cells from F508del-CFTR homozygous CF patients and non-CF controls. We used the custom designed Affymetrix HsAirwaya520108F Arrays to compare gene expression in 5 CF and 5 non CF nasal epithelial cell samples. We analysed a total of 10 samples (5 CF and 5 non CF). The CF group contained 2 males and 3 females, with an average age of 14 years and an average of 6% inflammatory cells per sample, and the non CF group contained 3 males and 2 females with an average age of 14.8 years and an average of 4.7% inflammatory cells.
Project description:Background Recently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil (NAC-DCF) was identified as a novel strong regimen with a high rate of pathological complete response (pCR) in advanced esophageal cancer in Japan. Predicting pCR will contribute to the therapeutic strategy and the prevention of surgical invasion. However, a predictor of pCR after NAC-DCF has not yet been developed. The aim of this study was to identify a novel predictor of pCR in locally advanced esophageal cancer treated with NAC-DCF. Patients and Methods A total of 32 patients who received NAC-DCF followed by esophagectomy between June 2013 and March 2016 were enrolled in this study. We divided the patients into the following 2 groups: pCR group (9 cases) and non-pCR group (23 cases), and compared gene expressions between these groups using DNA microarray data and KeyMolnet. Subsequently, a validation study of candidate molecular expression was performed in 7 additional cases. Results Seventeen molecules, including transcription factor E2F, T-cell-specific transcription factor, Src (known as “proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase of sarcoma”), interferon regulatory factor 1, thymidylate synthase, cyclin B, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4, CDK, caspase-1, vitamin D receptor, histone deacetylase, MAPK/ERK kinase, bcl-2-associated X protein, runt-related transcription factor 1, PR domain zinc finger protein 1, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and interleukin 1, were identified as candidate molecules. The molecules were mainly associated with pathways, such as transcriptional regulation by SMAD, RB/E2F, and STAT. The validation study indicated that 12 of the 17 molecules (71%) matched the trends of molecular expression. Conclusions A 17-molecule set that predicts pCR after NAC-DCF for locally advanced esophageal cancer was identified. Overall design: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of pCR after NAC-DCF for locally advanced esophageal cancer. We investigated gene expressions in clinical esophageal cancer samples and performed comparisons between pCR cases and non-pCR cases using DNA microarray data and KeyMolnet (KM Data; www.km-data.jp). Esophageal cancer tissue samples were collected at biopsy during endoscopic examination before the administration of the first course of chemotherapy. The biopsy specimen was collected from an elevated part at the proximal side of the tumor in a unified manner. The specimens were frozen and preserved in a freezer maintained at −80℃. The pathological response was evaluated according to the Japanese Classification of Esophageal Cancer 11th edition as follows: grade 0, no recognizable cytological or histological therapeutic effect; grade 1a, viable cancer cells account for two-thirds or more of the tumor tissue; grade 1b, viable cancer cells account for between one-third and two-thirds of the tumor tissue; grade 2, viable cancer cells account for less than one-third of the tumor tissue; grade 3, no viable cancer cells are apparent (pCR). Patients were divided into 2 groups (pCR and non-pCR) according to the pathological response. We analyzed these data using 39 cases. The samples of RNA 1, 4, 7, 10, 12, 17, 24, 29, 35, and 43 were pCR group. The samples of RNA 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, and 42 were non-pCR group.
Project description:We have compared gene expression in human nasal brushing cells from 19 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and 19 healthy controls using a 5.2K cDNA microarray. Our aim is to identify new disease biomarkers for the Cystic Fibrosis Gene Therapy Consortium. These markers will be used to report more effectively on the response to the administration of gene therapy in vivo. Cystic Fibrosis is a recessive genetic disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR) gene which encodes a chloride ion channel. The most common mutation is the ∆F508 mutation, present on 70% of CF chromosomes in Caucasian populations. The disease affects many organs in the body such as the pancreas, liver, sweat glands, small intestine and reproductive tracts but is most commonly associated with progressive, inflammatory lung disease. The current average life expectancy of CF patients is 35 years. Gene therapy is being developed as a treatment for CF airway disease, however, means of measuring the efficiency and efficacy of gene therapy in vivo are lacking. This is mainly due to the difficulty in measuring the chloride conductance of CFTR in cells and tissues. Furthermore, clinical assays for measuring improvements in lung function are insensitive. Surrogate markers of inflammation and CFTR function will therefore be important for the effective assessment of gene therapy in vivo. We have analysed gene expression in human nasal epithelium as this is considered an accessible surrogate for the conducting airways where disease manifests in the majority of patients. Additionally, this tissue will be sampled in clinical trials.