Dataset Information


Functional Modeling of Pressure Induced Gene Expression Reveals Mechanosensitive Signaling Pathways

ABSTRACT: Multiple molecular and cellular mechanisms are associated with the initiation and progression of aortic valve disease. Alterations in ECM remodeling, increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, calcification, lipid deposition and changes in valve cell phenotype have demonstrated roles in development of aortic valve disease. Mechanical stimulation has a significant role in determining the physiological properties of valve tissue and an altered hemodynamic environment may result in pathological changes. We used microarrays to detail the global of gene expression profiles underlying valve remodeling during valve exposure to of two levels of cyclic mechanical pressure (normotensive 0-80mmHg and hypertensive 0-120mmHg ) on porcine valve tissue transcriptome using Sus Scrofa cDNA microarrays from Affymetrix and we identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during this process. Hybridizations were carried out with RNA isolated from six independetn samples of valve tissue exposed to normotensive and hypertensive pressure for 24 hours at 1hz frecuency. Differentially expressed genes were identified by The t test with the option of unequal variance was used to calculate P values for each gene. The fold change and Q values for each gene were calculated with SAM program with permutation of 500 . Biological modeling of the differentially expressed genes (DE) was carried out based on GO groups and network analysis in ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). Keywords: Response of valve leaflets to hypertensive pressure Overall design: The experimental design included three biological samples of porcine valve leaflets exposed to cyclic pressures of 0-80 or 0-120 mmHg for 24 hours, representing normotensive and hypertensive diastolic transvalvular pressure, respectively. Using Affymetrix porcine microarrays, we compared global gene expression profiles of aortic valve leaflets exposed to elevated and normal physiological pressure conditions . The effects of cyclic pressure on the transcriptome was determined by comparing the quantity and magnitud of change in gene expression levels of valve leflets, as well evaluating the molecular function each gene has in the cell,in the presence of hypertennsive (experimental) and normotensve pressurec (control).

INSTRUMENT(S): [Porcine] Affymetrix Porcine Genome Array

ORGANISM(S): Sus scrofa  


PROVIDER: GSE15211 | GEO | 2009-03-14



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