BCOR-regulated genes in human oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome
ABSTRACT: Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome (OFCD) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by teeth with extremely long roots (radiculomegaly), and craniofacial, eye and cardiac abnormalities. The mutation of the transcriptional co-repressor BCOR has been identified as being responsible for oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is isolated from the root apical papilla of an OFCD patient. Gene expression profiling is performed and compared between mutant MSCs and wild type MSCs. Overall design: Total RNA were extracted from normal MSCs (MSCWT) and mutant MSCs (MSCO).
Project description:Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome (OFCD) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by teeth with extremely long roots (radiculomegaly), and craniofacial, eye and cardiac abnormalities. The mutation of the transcriptional co-repressor BCOR has been identified as being responsible for oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is isolated from the root apical papilla of an OFCD patient. Gene expression profiling is performed and compared between mutant MSCs and wild type MSCs. Total RNA were extracted from normal MSCs (MSCWT) and mutant MSCs (MSCO).
Project description:Msh homeobox 1 (MSX1) is a transcriptional factor regulating embryonic development of limbs and craniofacial tissues including bone and teeth. The purpose of this study was to investigate contribution of MSX1 to the osteogenic potential and calcification-related phenotypic expression of dental pulp stromal/mesenchymal cells isolated from human teeth. Immunohistochemisitry of a 3 week-old mouse molar showed that MSX1 protein was localized to odontoblasts and pulpal mesenchymal cells at different levels and in different manners depending upon the position of the cells in pulp tissue. When dental pulp stromal/mesenchymal cells were exposed to osteogenesis-induction medium, runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX2), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), alkaline phosphatase (ALPL) and osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA levels, as well as alkaline phosphatase activity, increased on days 4-12, and, thereafter, the matrix was calcified on day 14. However, knockdown of MSX1 with small interfering RNA abolished this induction of the osteoblast-related gene expression, alkaline phosphatase activity and calcification. Interestingly, DNA microarray and quantative PCR analyses revealed that the MSX1 knockdown induced the sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP2) transcriptional factor and its downstream target genes in cholesterol-synthesis pathway. Inhibition of cholesterol synthesis enhances osteoblast differentiation of various mesenchymal cells. Thus, MSX1 may down-regulate the cholesterol synthesis-related genes to ensure osteoblast differentiation of dental pulp stromal/mesenchymal cells. Overall design: Extracted healthy deciduous teeth were collected from children with informed consent under the ethics codes of Hiroshima University. The pulp tissue specimens from deciduous teeth were minced, and digested with collagenase and dispase to isolate dental pulp stromal/mesenchymal cells (DPSCs). Small interfering RNA oligonucleotides were used to knockdown MSX1 expression in DPSCs. DPSCs were incubated with growth medium or osteogenesis-induction medium. Four days after the onset of differentiation, total RNA was extracted. DNA microarray analysis was performed using the Agilent SurePrint G3 Human GE v2 8x60K Microarray. Raw data were standardized by the global median normalization method using GeneSpring.
Project description:The RSK2 gene is responsible for Coffin-Lowry syndrome, an X-linked monogenic disease associating severe learning deficit andassociated to typical facial and digital abnormalities and skeletal changes. Craniofacial and dental anomalies encountered in this rare disease have been poorly characterized. In this study we explore, through X-Ray microtomographic analysis, the variable craniofacial dysmorphism and dental anomalies present in Rsk2 knockout mice, an animal model of Coffin-Lowry syndrome, as well as in triple Rsk1,2,3 knockout mutants. We report in these mutants the occurrence of a surpernumerary tooth mesial to the first molar. This highly penetrant phenotype is considered as a remnant of evolutionary lost teeth. This possibly leads to the significant reduction of the maxillary diastema. Abnormalities of molar shape were almost restricted to the mesial part of both upper and lower first molars (M1). We also report an expression analysis of the four Rsk genes (Rsk1, 2, 3 and 4) at various stages of odontogenesis in wild-type (WT) mice. Rsk2 was mainly expressed in the mesenchymal, neural crest derived compartment, correlating with proliferative areas of the developing teeth and consistent with a biological function of RSK2 in cell cycle control and cell growth, which when invalidated could be responsible for the dental phenotype. In an attempt to unravel the molecular pathways involved in the genesis of these dental defects, we performed a comparative transcriptomic (DNA microarray) analysis of mandibular wild-type versus Rsk2-/Y molars, and further demonstrated a misregulation of selected genes, using a Rsk2 shRNA knock-down strategy in molar tooth germs cultured in vitro.
Project description:Human deciduous and permanent teeth exhibit different developmental processes, morphologies, histological characteristics and life cycles. In addition their pulp tissues react differently to external stimuli, such as the pulp sensitivity test, dental trauma and pulp therapy materials. These differences are attributable to their genetic backgrounds. Therefore the purpose of this study is to compare the differences of dental pulp in deciduous and permanent teeth. Pulp samples were obtained from permanent premolars (n=6, aged 11-14 years) and deciduous teeth (n=6, aged 11-14 years). Comparative cDNA microarrary analysis revealed several differences in gene expression between the deciduous and permanent pulp tissues. Each GSM record represents a pulp sample pooled from two teeth samples.
Project description:The aim of this study was to determine the differences in dental follicle and papilla tissues of mouse first lower molar between E17 and PN2 at the molecular level by combinational use of laser microdissection and microarray. Two-condition experiment Overall design: Differentially expressed genes that either up-regulated or down-regulated by over 2-fold between E17 and PN2 group in dental follicle and papilla tissues were compared.
Project description:We report screening of genes differentially expressed in cells isolated from immature and mature third molar teeth. Among them, a homeobox transcription factor, distal-less homeobox 4 (DLX4) was highly expressed in immature human dental pulp cells, and significantly enhanced iPSC colony formation in combination with OCT3/4, SOX2, and KLF4 to the level comparable with that using classical combination of Yamanaka's factors, OCT3/4, SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC. Overall design: To investigate the effect of developmental stage of teeth on global gene expression, we compared DPCs isolated from immature (14-16yr) and mature (23-60yr) teeth.
Project description:The precise physiological mechanisms of cardio-renal syndrome are yet to be elucidated. In order to investigate the molecular basis of cardio-renal syndrome, we established a mouse model for cardio-renal syndrome by the combination of abdominal aortic banding and uninephrectomy. Renal function of the cardio-renal syndrome mice was synergistically decreased compared with that of mice that underwent uninephrectomy alone. To investigate the molecules involved in the deterioration renal function in the AbNx mice, we conducted comprehensive gene expression analysis using DNA array by comparing the molecules expressed in the remained kidney of AbNx mice with those of Nx mice. We conducted abdominal aorta banding or sham operation at 0 week, then We conducted uninephrectomy or sham operation at 2 week. We removed these kidney 6week after the uninephrectomy. These RNA samples were purified from the homogenized kidneys.
Project description:The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the gene expression profiles of dental follicle and periodontal ligament in humans, which can possibly explain their functions of dental follicle and PDL such as eruption coordination and stress resorption. That may apply this information to clinical problem like eruption disturbance and to periodontal tissue engineering. PDL samples were obtained from permanent premolars (n=11) and dental follicle samples were obtained during extraction of supernumerary teeth (n=4). Comparative cDNA microarray analysis revealed several differences in gene expression between permanent PDL and dental follicles.
Project description:In this study, we investigated its suitability for disease modeling by carrying out gene expression profiling, using RNA-seq, on neurons derived from iPSCs made from dental pulp extracted from deciduous teeth (T-iPSCs) and fibroblasts (F-iPSCs). Comparison of expression profiles of iPSC derived from dental pulp and skin-fibroblast