Dataset Information


Microarray analysis of S. pyogenes Type M1-CdhA55(-) mutant

ABSTRACT: A total of 192 genes were found to be differentially expressed; 38 genes of them were up regulated and 154 genes were down regulated. Most notably the functional categories that were affected include carbohydrate metabolism and cell envelop realted genes ( 56, 29.1% of the total),Virulence genes (12 genes 6.25% of the total significantly differentiated genes), and aminoacid transport genes (7 genes, 3.6 %). Among the virulence-related genes, the most notable ones were those belong to the production of capsule, the M protein, exotoxin, NAD glycohydrolase and Streptolysin S. Some of the capsule related genes were down regulated by more than 64 fold. Additionally 11 differentially expressed lipid metabolism related genes and four aminoacid transport and metabolism-related genes were upregulated. These results indicate that the C-terminal CHAP domain of CdhA (group A Streptococcal Cell division controlling and Chain-forming cell wall hydrolase) plays an important role in the regulation of virulence. Since these mutant lack cell wall hydrolase activity but are not defective in cell division or growth, we believe that CdhA isa multifunctional protein with N-terminal region controlling cell division and c-terminal region responsible for regulating bacterial virulence. Overall design: S. pyogenes strain SF370 (wild-type) was procured from ATCC (ATCC 700294). M1-CdhA55(-) mutant strain was obtained using pFW5 vector containing spectinomycin resistance marker (aad9). The mutant expressing truncated CdhA that lack C-terminal 55 residues constituting catalytic site of the CHAP domain is not defective in cell division and growth, but lacks antiphagocytic property and attenuated for virulence. Both strains (M1-Wild-type and M1-CdhA55(-) were grown in Todd-Hewitt broth to their late log phase. Bacteria were harvested by centrifugation and washed twice with sterile PBS. Total RNA was isolated from these washed streptococci using Qiagen RNeasy Mini kit. For synthesis and labeling of cDNA, 20 ug of total RNA, 1.5 ug of random hexamer, 0.5mM dNTPs (except that 0.2mM of dTTP was replaced by the same amount of amino-allyl dUTP to incorporate dUTP into first-strand cDNA) were used in each reverse transcriptase reaction (Superscript II Reverse Transcriptase, Invitrogen). Purified cDNA preparations from the wild-type and M1-CdhA55(-) mutant strains were labeled with either Alexafluor-555 or Alexafluor-647 depending on the experimental design ( i.e. dye swap experiment). Differentially labeled probes were then combined and purified. Using three independently isolated RNA preparations (biological replicates), a total of 7 experiments (incorporating dye swaps) were performed. Accordingly 7 hybridization measurements for this mutant were performed. Thus Exp-1 and 2 (GSM389993, GSM389994) are the technical replicates of the biological sample-1, Exp-3 and 4 (GSM389995, GSM390054) are technical replicates of biological sample-2 and Exp-5,-6, and -7 (GSM390055,GSM390056, and GSM390057) are technical replicates of the biological sample-3. Signals of the bound reagents on the microarray spots in terms of relative fluorescence values were measured and quantified by a laser scanner (GenePix 4100 ) at 10um/pixel resolution. The resulting images were processed using Gene Pix Pro software (version 4.0, Axon instruments). The raw data were obtained in the form of GenPix *.gpr output files. The web application CARMAweb (Comprehensive R based microarray analysis web service) was used for the normalization and analysis of microarray data. All raw data (in the form of *. GPR files) were uploaded to the web application in the data directory. Using appropriate navigation tree, background correction from the foreground signal was applied and within microarray normalization was achieved using the Lowess method. Genes flagged as bad spots by the scanning software were excluded from the analysis and all flagged spots were given a weight of zero. The normalized data were then subjected to fold-change analysis and t-statistics using Bioconductor multtest package. CARMAweb allows to set Log2 cut-off values for both the M (regulation) and the A (average expression) values. Differentially expressed genes (Log2 values of Mutant647-red vs. wild-type555-green or Log2 values Mutant-555(green) vs Wild-type 647-red) were defined based on cut-off value >1 Log2< i.e. all genes that show a two or more-fold up- or down-regulation. BioConductors Multtest package provided suitable method to adjust P values according to multiple hypothesis testing problems.

INSTRUMENT(S): OSU Streptococcus pyogenes M1 and M18 microarray-SDHHbtail

ORGANISM(S): Streptococcus pyogenes  

SUBMITTER: Vijay Pancholi  

PROVIDER: GSE15598 | GEO | 2010-10-01



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