Transcriptomics

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Kidney Intercalated Cells Phagocytose and Acidify Escherichia coli


ABSTRACT: Intercalated cells are known to be involved in acid-base homeostasis via vacuolar ATPase (H+-ATPase or V-ATPase) expression. Increasing evidence supports an innate immune role for ICs along with their traditional function of pH regulation. In this study, human kidney tissue was enriched for viable intercalated cells then exposed to uropathogenic E. coli versus saline control. Single cell transcriptomics was performed. Six intercalated cell subtypes were identified including hybrid principal-intercalated cells. Cell specific cluster marker gene list generated from this sequencing data was put through ingenuity pathway analysis pipeline which predicted “phagosome maturation” as a key biological pathway that increased in rank following exposure to uropathogenic E. coli in two of the intercalated cell subtypes. Uptake of E. coli and pHrodo coated E. coli BioParticlesTM during live animal intravital microscopy demonstrated that intercalated cell phagocytosis of bacteria was an active process that involved acidification. Taken together, our finding indicate that intercalated cells represent an epithelial cell with characteristics of professional phagocytes like macrophages or neutrophils, which includes the ability to phagocytose E. coli and acidify phagolysosomes.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens

PROVIDER: GSE159805 | GEO | 2020/10/22

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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