Transcriptomics

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19

A genome-wide expression comparison of productive and unproductive airway epithelial repair


ABSTRACT: Defective epithelial repair in the setting of chronic lung disease has been suggested to contribute to uncontrolled extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and development of fibrosis. We sought to directly test this hypothesis through gene expression profiling of total lung RNA isolated from mouse models of selective epithelial cell injury that are associated with either productive or abortive repair. Analysis of gene expression in repairing lungs of naphthalene-exposed mice revealed prominent clusters of up-regulated genes with putative roles in regulation of the extracellular matrix and cellular proliferation. Further analysis of tenascin C (Tnc), a representative matrix protein, in total lung RNA revealed a transient 4.5-fold increase in mRNA abundance 1 day after injury and a return to steady-state levels by Recovery Day 3. Tnc was deposited by the peribronchiolar mesenchyme immediately after injury and was remodeled to basement membrane subtending the bronchiolar epithelium during epithelial repair. Epithelial restitution was accompanied by a decrease in Tnc mRNA and protein expression to steady-state levels. In contrast, abortive repair using a transgenic model allowing ablation of all reparative cells led to a progressive increase in Tnc mRNA within lung tissue and accumulation of its gene product within the subepithelial mesenchyme of both conducting airways and alveoli. These data demonstrate that the ECM is dynamically remodeled in response to selective epithelial cell injury and that this process is activated without resolution in the setting of defective airway epithelial repair. Bronchiolar Clara cells undergo phenotypic changes during development and in disease. These changes are poorly described due to a paucity of molecular markers. We used chemical and transgenic approaches to ablate Clara cells, allowing identification of their unique gene expression profile. Flavin monooxygenase 3 (Fmo3), paraoxonase 1 (Pon1), aldehyde oxidase 3 (Aox3), and claudin 10 (Cldn10) were identified as novel Clara cell markers. New and existing Clara cell marker genes were categorized into three classes based on their unique developmental expression pattern. Cldn10 was uniformly expressed in the epithelium at Embryonic Day (E)14.5 and became restricted to secretory cells at E18.5. This transition was defined by induction of Clara Cell Secretory Protein (CCSP). Maturation of secretory cells was associated with progressive increases in the expression of Fmo3, Pon1, Aox3, and Cyp2f2 between late embryonic and postnatal periods. Messenger RNA abundance of all categories of genes was dramatically decreased after naphthalene-induced airway injury, and displayed a sequence of temporal induction during repair that suggested sequential secretory cell maturation. We have defined a broader repertoire of Clara cell-specific genes that allows staging of epithelial maturation during development and repair. Overall design: 32 samples were isolated and used to screen UniSet Mouse 20K I Bioarrays (total lung RNA Mus musculus). Control RNA was isolated from uninjured mice (N = 4 mice), and RNA was also isolated from mice exposed to naphthalene and recovered for 1, 2, 3, and 6 days (N = 4 mice per timepoint). Additionally, transgenic mice expressing HSV-tk under control of the mouse CCSP promoter were exposed to Ganciclovir (GCV) and recovered for 3, 6, and 9 days (N = 4 mice per timepoint).

INSTRUMENT(S): Duke-GE/Amersham CodeLink UniSet Mouse 20K I

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Barry R Stripp   

PROVIDER: GSE17693 | GEO | 2009-08-18

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA118479

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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