Dataset Information


Vitrification preserves murine ovarian follicular cell transcriptome in a 3D encapsulated in vitro follicle growth system

ABSTRACT: Vitrification is a method for long-term biological sample cryopreservation that transforms cells into a glass-like state by cooling without causing intra- and extra-cellular ice formation, which is a major driver of cell cryoinjury. Using an alginate hydrogel encapsulated in vitro follicle growth (eIVFG) system, we have recently demonstrated that compared to freshly-harvested follicles, vitrified follicles have normal follicle and oocyte reproductive outcomes as well as comparable expression levels of several genes that are essential for gonadotropin-dependent folliculogenesis and oogenesis. However, it is unknown whether vitrification preserves the molecular signatures of folliculogenesis at the whole transcriptomic level, which is the primary research focus in this study. Multilayered secondary follicles with a diameter of 130 -160 µm were mechanically isolated from 16-day-old CD-1 female mice and vitrified using the closed vitrification method. After a 2-week storage in liquid nitrogen, vitrified follicles were warmed, and together with freshly-harvested follicles, cultured for 8 days using the eIVFG method. Next, mature antral follicles from day 8 were collected for single-follicle RNA sequencing using the SMART-seq RNA-seq method. Principal component analysis (PCA) and Pearson’s correlation analysis revealed that vitrified follicles have similar transcriptomic profiles to fresh follicles. Using the criterion of fold change >2 or <0.5 and a false discovery rate (FDR) adjusted p-value < 0.05, there were 35 differentially expressed genes out of a total of 11,806 detected genes between vitrified and fresh follicles, among which 17 were up-regulated and 18 were down-regulated in vitrified follicles. To the best of our knowledge, none of those differentially expressed genes identified between vitrified and fresh follicles have been shown to be critical to folliculogenesis and oogenesis. Meanwhile, gene ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis over these 35 genes using the functional annotation tool DAVID revealed that no GO terms or signaling pathways were significantly enriched. Furthermore, the expression of several genes essential for the gonadotropin-dependent folliculogenesis and oogenesis were comparable between vitrified and fresh follicles, including granulosa cell-specific genes (Cyp19a1, Amh, Inha, Inhba, Inhbb, and Fshr), theca cell-specific genes (Cyp17a1, Col1a2, and Col3a1), and oocyte-specific genes (Gdf9, Bmp15, Zp1, Zp2, and Zp3). Equally important, Lhcgr, the gene that is primarily expressed in theca cells of preantral follicles and then greatly induced in mural granulosa cells in antral follicles to prepare for the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and ovulation, also had comparable mRNA expression levels between vitrified and fresh follicles. Taken together, these results demonstrate that vitrification preserves the follicular cell transcriptome and molecular signatures of gonadotropin-dependent folliculogenesis in the eIVFG system. In conclusion, our study re-evaluates individual follicle cryopreservation by using the closed vitrification method in a more in-depth perspective and proves that vitrification preserves the follicular cell transcriptome in the eIVFG system, thus providing a robust model for fertility preservation, conservation of endangered species, and also establishing a high-content ovarian follicle biobank for studying ovarian biology and female reproductive toxicology. Overall design: Comparison of the transcriptomes of vitrified and fresh follicles

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NextSeq 500 (Mus musculus)

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Yingzheng Wang  

PROVIDER: GSE184691 | GEO | 2021-12-29


Dataset's files

Action DRS
GSE184691_processed_data_vitrified_vs_fresh_follicles.txt.gz Txt
Items per page:
1 - 1 of 1
altmetric image


Vitrification preserves murine ovarian follicular cell transcriptome in a 3D encapsulated in vitro follicle growth system.

Wang Yingzheng Y   Drake Riley S RS   Russo Daniela D DD   Pattarawat Pawat P   Zhang Qiang Q   Zelinski Mary B MB   Shalek Alex K AK   Goods Brittany A BA   Xiao Shuo S  

Biology of reproduction 20211201 6

Similar Datasets

2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4649857 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC6947005 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7169907 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5570399 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4418816 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5359853 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5241514 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7481908 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5672100 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC3244472 | BioStudies