Changes in gene expression induced by miR29b in HTM cells
ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of miR-29b on the changes in expression of genes involved in the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTM). Overall design: One HTM cell line was transfected by triplicate with microRNA 29b or scramble control. After 3 days total RNA was extracted.
INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133A_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133A 2.0 Array
Project description:To investigate the role of miR-29b on the changes in expression of genes involved in the synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTM). Experiment Overall Design: One HTM cell line was transfected by triplicate with microRNA 29b or scramble control. After 3 days total RNA was extracted.
Project description:To design a glucocorticoid-inducible virus vector overexpressing recombinant matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1) and counteract extracellular matrix deposition in the trabecular meshwork only when steroid is present.Endogenous MMP1 expression was measured in primary human trabecular meshwork cells (HTM) treated with dexamethasone (DEX), triamcinolone acetate, and prednisolone acetate by TaqMan PCR. Wild-type and mutant MMP1 cDNAs were cloned downstream of a glucocorticoid response element (GRE) and P(TAL) promoter. Adenoviruses AdhGRE.MMP1 and AdhGRE.mutMMP1 were generated by homologous recombination. HTM cells and perfused human anterior segments were infected with the viruses, with and without DEX. MMP1 mRNA and protein were analyzed by TaqMan PCR, Western blot analysis, and ELISA. Activity of secreted MMP1 was evaluated by FRET and rat tail collagen type I assays. Immunohistochemistry was performed by double-labeling with anti-human MMP1 and collagen type I antibodies.Endogenous MMP1 expression was greatly downregulated by the steroids. DEX-treated cells and perfused organ cultures infected with AdhGRE.MMP1 secreted high levels of MMP1. Induction of MMP1 cycled on and off with the addition or removal of DEX. Secreted wild-type MMP1 degraded collagen type I after activation, whereas secreted mutMMP1 did not. Immunohistochemistry showed faint staining of collagen type I in areas of trabecular meshwork with high MMP1 transgene expression.The authors have developed a novel glucocorticoid-inducible adenovirus vector that overproduces MMP1 only in the presence of DEX. The availability of this vector sets up the foundation for the development of gene therapy drugs for the potential treatment of ocular hypertension in steroid-responsive patients.
Project description:Directing appropriate extracellular matrix remodeling is a key aim of regenerative medicine strategies. Thus, antifibrotic interfering RNA (RNAi) therapy with exogenous microRNA (miR)-29B was proposed as a method to modulate extracellular matrix remodeling following cutaneous injury. It was hypothesized that delivery of miR-29B from a collagen scaffold will efficiently modulate the extracellular matrix remodeling response and reduce maladaptive remodeling such as aggressive deposition of collagen type I after injury. The release of RNA from the scaffold was assessed and its ability to silence collagen type I and collagen type III expression was evaluated in vitro. When primary fibroblasts were cultured with scaffolds doped with miR-29B, reduced levels of collagen type I and collagen type III mRNA expression were observed for up to 2 weeks of culture. When the scaffolds were applied to full thickness wounds in vivo, reduced wound contraction, improved collagen type III/I ratios and a significantly higher matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8: tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 ratio were detected when the scaffolds were functionalized with miR-29B. Furthermore, these effects were significantly influenced by the dose of miR-29B in the collagen scaffold (0.5 versus 5 ?g). This study shows a potential of combining exogenous miRs with collagen scaffolds to improve extracellular matrix remodeling following injury.
Project description:To investigate the alterations in microRNA (miRNA) expression during replicative senescence (RS) in human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells.Two HTM cell lines were serially passaged until they reached RS. Changes in expression of 30 miRNAs were assessed by real-time quantitative (q)-PCR. The effects of miR-146a on gene expression were analyzed with gene arrays and the results confirmed by real-time q-PCR. Protein levels of IRAK1 and PAI-1 were analyzed by Western blot and those of IL6 and IL8 by ELISA. Senescence-associated markers were monitored by flow cytometry and cell proliferation by BrdU incorporation.RS of HTM cells was associated with significant changes in expression of 18 miRNAs, including the upregulation of miR-146a. miR-146a downregulated multiple genes associated with inflammation, including IRAK1, IL6, IL8, and PAI-1, inhibited senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-beta-gal) activity and production of intracellular reactive species (iROS), and increased cell proliferation. Overexpression of either IRAK1 or PAI-1 inhibited the effects of miR-146a on cell proliferation and iROS production in senescent cells.RS in HTM cells was associated with changes in miRNA expression that could influence the senescent phenotype. Upregulation of the anti-inflammatory miR-146a may serve to restrain excessive production of inflammatory mediators in senescent cells and limit their deleterious effects on the surrounding tissue. Among the different proteins repressed by miR-146a, the inhibition of PAI-1 may act to minimize the effects of senescence on the generation of iROS and growth arrest and prevent alterations of the extracellular proteolytic activity of the TM.
Project description:Bone tissue arises from mesenchymal cells induced into the osteoblast lineage by essential transcription factors and signaling cascades. MicroRNAs regulate biological processes by binding to mRNA 3'-untranslated region (UTR) sequences to attenuate protein synthesis. Here we performed microRNA profiling and identified miRs that are up-regulated through stages of osteoblast differentiation. Among these are the miR-29, miR-let-7, and miR-26 families that target many collagens and extracellular matrix proteins. We find that miR-29b supports osteoblast differentiation through several mechanisms. miR-29b decreased and anti-miR-29b increased activity of COL1A1, COL5A3, and COL4A2 3'-UTR sequences in reporter assays, as well as endogenous gene expression. These results support a mechanism for regulating collagen protein accumulation during the mineralization stage when miR-29b reaches peak levels. We propose that this mechanism prevents fibrosis and facilitates mineral deposition. Our studies further demonstrate that miR-29b promotes osteogenesis by directly down-regulating known inhibitors of osteoblast differentiation, HDAC4, TGFbeta3, ACVR2A, CTNNBIP1, and DUSP2 proteins through binding to target 3'-UTR sequences in their mRNAs. Thus, miR-29b is a key regulator of development of the osteoblast phenotype by targeting anti-osteogenic factors and modulating bone extracellular matrix proteins.
Project description:TGF-beta levels are known to increase in the aqueous humor of eye cells in patients with glaucoma. Increase TGF-beta is assumed to have a biochemical impact on the trabecular meshwork, and an increase in extracellular matrix formation, which may be responsible for decrease outflow facility of the eye. This may increase extracellular pressure, causing glaucoma. TGF-beta 1 may be the cause of abnormal accumulation of extracellular matrices in trabecular meshwork of eyes with primary open angle glaucoma. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta2 regulates the expression of proteoglycans in aqueous humor from human glaucomatous eyes. To identify gene expression changes as a result of TGF-beta1 and 2 treatment of human trabecular meshwork cells. We expect to see a change in expression of the proteoglycans in HTM cells as a response to TGF-beta treatment. Human Trabecular Meswork cells in the eye were bathed by aqueous humor. TM cells were removed from individuals with the following ages: 16,66,67,73, and 76. Each individual was treated with EtOH (control), TGF-beta1, or TGF-beta2. Total RNA from each individual was pooled for each chip. Technical replicates were created for each treatment type, for a total of 6 chips.
Project description:The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a determining factor in the tumor microenvironment that restrains or promotes malignant growth. In this report, we show how the molecular chaperone protein Hsp47 functions as a nodal hub in regulating an ECM gene transcription network. A transcription network analysis showed that Hsp47 expression was activated during breast cancer development and progression. Hsp47 silencing reprogrammed human breast cancer cells to form growth-arrested and/or noninvasive structures in 3D cultures, and to limit tumor growth in xenograft assays by reducing deposition of collagen and fibronectin. Coexpression network analysis also showed that levels of microRNA(miR)-29b and -29c were inversely correlated with expression of Hsp47 and ECM network genes in human breast cancer tissues. We found that miR-29 repressed expression of Hsp47 along with multiple ECM network genes. Ectopic expression of miR-29b suppressed malignant phenotypes of breast cancer cells in 3D culture. Clinically, increased expression of Hsp47 and reduced levels of miR-29b and -29c were associated with poor survival outcomes in breast cancer patients. Our results show that Hsp47 is regulated by miR-29 during breast cancer development and progression, and that increased Hsp47 expression promotes cancer progression in part by enhancing deposition of ECM proteins.
Project description:we employed RNA-Seq to delineate the TGF-β2 induced changes in the transcriptome of normal primary human trabecular meshwork cells (HTM). Overall design: Examine changes to gene expression in TGF-β2 treated human trabecular meshwork cells derived from patients
Project description:Treatment with corticosteroids can result in ocular hypertension and may lead to the development of steroid-induced glaucoma. The extent to which biomechanical changes in trabecular meshwork (TM) cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) contribute toward this dysfunction is poorly understood.Primary human TM (HTM) cells were cultured for either 3 days or 4 weeks in the presence or absence of dexamethasone (DEX), and cell mechanics, matrix mechanics and proteomics were determined, respectively. Adult rabbits were treated topically with either 0.1% DEX or vehicle over 3 weeks, and mechanics of the TM were determined.Treatment with DEX for 3 days resulted in a 2-fold increase in HTM cell stiffness, and this correlated with activation of extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and overexpression of ?-smooth muscle actin (?SMA). Further, the matrix deposited by HTM cells chronically treated with DEX is approximately 4-fold stiffer, more organized, and has elevated expression of matrix proteins commonly implicated in glaucoma (decorin, myocilin, fibrillin, secreted frizzle-related protein [SFRP1], matrix-gla). Also, DEX treatment resulted in a 3.5-fold increase in stiffness of the rabbit TM.This integrated approach clearly demonstrates that DEX treatment increases TM cell stiffness concurrent with elevated ?SMA expression and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, stiffens the ECM in vitro along with upregulation of Wnt antagonists and fibrotic markers embedded in a more organized matrix, and increases the stiffness of TM tissues in vivo. These results demonstrate glucocorticoid treatment can initiate the biophysical alteration associated with increased resistance to aqueous humor outflow and the resultant increase in IOP.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which miR-183 may contribute to the phenotypic alterations associated with stress-induced senescence of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells.Changes in gene expression induced by miR-183 in HTM cells were evaluated by gene array analysis, confirmed by quantitative-PCR (Q-PCR), and analyzed by MetaCore pathway analysis. Effects of miR-183 on cell proliferation were assessed by incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine incorporation, and DNA damage by CometAssay after ultraviolet (UV) irradiation in primary HTM cells, and confirmed in human diploid fibroblasts (HDF) and HeLa cells. A plasmid expressing KIAA0101 without its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) was cotransfected with miR-183 to evaluate the role of KIAA0101 on the effects induced by miR-183.miR-183 affected the expression of multiple genes involved in cell cycle regulation and DNA damage response in HTM cells. Forced expression of miR-183 in HTM and HDF resulted in a significant decrease in proliferation in primary HTM and HDF cells but not in HeLa cells. In all cell types tested, overexpression of miR-183 resulted in increased DNA damage under UV irradiation. Expression of KIAA0101 lacking the 3'-UTR region partially prevented the effects of miR-183 on cell proliferation and completely reversed the effects on UV-induced DNA damage.Our results suggest that the observed up-regulation of miR-183 after stress-induced senescence in HTM cells may contribute to reinforce cellular senescence by inhibiting cell cycle progression through multiple gene targets and limiting the DNA repair mechanisms through inhibition of KIAA0101.