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Infection with Listeria monocytogenes alters the placental transcriptome and eicosanome


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Placental infection and inflammation are risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm labor. However, the mechanisms underlying these outcomes are poorly understood. Methods: To study this response, we have employed a pregnant mouse model of placental infection caused by the bacterial pathogen Listeria monocyogenes, which infects the human placenta. Through in vivo bioluminescence imaging, we confirm the presence of placental infection and quantify relative infection levels. Infected and control placentas were collected on embryonic day 18 for RNA sequencing to evaluate gene expression signatures associated with infection by Listeria. Results: We identified an enrichment of genes associated with eicosanoid biosynthesis, suggesting an increase in eicosanoid production in infected tissues. Because of the known importance of eicosanoids in inflammation and timing of labor, we quantified eicosanoid levels in infected and uninfected placentas using semi-targeted mass spectrometry. We found a significant increase in the concentrations of several key eicosanoids: leukotriene B4, lipoxin A4, prostaglandin A2, prostaglandin D2, and eicosatrienoic acid. Discussion: Our study provides a likely explanation for dysregulation of the timing of labor following placental infection. Further, our results suggest potential biomarkers of placental pathology and targets for clinical intervention. Overall design: Mouse placental samples. 20 infected replicates (infected with L. monocytogenes) and four uninfected controls.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina Genome Analyzer IIx (Mus musculus)

ORGANISM(S): Mus Musculus

SUBMITTER: Kayla N Conner 

PROVIDER: GSE201038 | GEO | 2022-04-21

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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