Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

39

Neurotoxin tetrodotoxin TTX withdrawal induced neuronal activity: RNA Pol II is poised for rapid induction of arc and other neuronal VF-IEGs


ABSTRACT: Transcription of immediate early genes (IEGs) in neurons is exquisitely sensitive to neuronal activity, but the mechanism underlying the earliest of these transcription events is largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that very fast IEGs (VF-IEGs) such as arc/arg3.1 are poised for rapid transcription by the stalling of RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) just downstream of the transcription start site. RNAi-depletion of two subunits of a mediator of Pol II stalling, Negative Elongation Factor, reduces Pol II occupancy of the arc promoter and compromises rapid induction of arc and other VF-IEGs. In contrast, reduction of Pol II stalling did not prevent expression of other fast IEGs (F-IEGs). These F-IEGs are expressed with comparatively slower kinetics and largely lack promoter proximal Pol II stalling. Taken together, our data strongly indicate that very fast kinetics of neuronal IEG expression require poised Pol II and suggest a role for this mechanism in transcription-dependent learning and memory. Overall design: TTX withdrawal induced neuronal activity. To study activity-induced gene expression, neurons were treated with TTX for 48 hours and then TTX was washed out either for 15 minutes (W15) or for 45 minutes (W45). Gene expression was measured in these two groups in comparison to TTX treated neurons.

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-014879 Whole Rat Genome Microarray 4x44K G4131F (Feature Number version)

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: NIEHS Microarray Core  

PROVIDER: GSE22622 | GEO | 2011-04-15

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA128517

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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