Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

45

The Human Airway Epithelial Basal Cell Transcriptome


ABSTRACT: Background. The human airway epithelium consists of 4 major cell types: ciliated, secretory, columnar and basal cells. During natural turnover and in response to injury, the airway basal cells function as stem / progenitor cells for the other airway cell types. The objective of this study is to better understand basal cell biology by defining the subset of expressed genes that characterize the signature of human airway epithelial basal cells. Methodology / Principal Findings. Microarrays were used to assess the transcriptome of basal cells purified from the airway epithelium of healthy nonsmokers obtained by bronchial brushings in comparison to the transcriptome of the complete differentiated airway epithelium. This analysis identified the “human airway basal cell signature” as 1,161 unique genes with >5-fold higher expression level in basal cells compared to the differentiated epithelium. The basal cell signature was suppressed when the basal cells differentiated into a ciliated airway epithelium in vitro. The human airway basal cell signature displayed extensive overlap with genes expressed in basal cells from other human tissues and murine airway basal cells. Consistent with self-modulation as well as signaling to other airway cell types, the airway basal cell signature was characterized by genes encoding extracellular matrix components, and growth factors and growth factor receptors, including genes related to EGFR and VEGFR signaling. However, while human airway basal cells share similarity with basal-like cells of other organs, the human airway basal cell signature has features not previously associated with this cell type, including a unique pattern of genes encoding extracellular matrix components, integrins, G protein-coupled receptors, neuroactive ligands and receptors, and ion channels. Conclusion / Significance. The human airway epithelial basal cells signature identified in the present study provides novel insights into the ontogeny, molecular phenotype and biology of the stem / progenitor cells of the human airway epithelium. Overall design: This study was designed to distinguish the transcriptome of the airway epithelium basal cell from that of differentiated airway epithelium. A basal cell signature was derived and analyzed for functional significance. The signature was also evaluated as basal cells differentiated into ciliated epithelium in vitro.

INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133_Plus_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Yael Strulovici-Barel  

PROVIDER: GSE24337 | GEO | 2011-06-10

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA132751

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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