Transcriptomics

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Chemo-senolytic therapeutic potential against angiosarcoma


ABSTRACT: Angiosarcoma is an aggressive soft-tissue sarcoma with a poor prognosis. Chemotherapy for this cancer typically employs paclitaxel, one of the taxanes (genotoxic drugs), although it has a limited effect due to chemoresistance for prolonged treatment. Here we examine a new angiosarcoma treatment approach that combines chemotherapeutic and senolytic agents. We first find that the chemotherapeutic drugs, cisplatin and paclitaxel, efficiently induce cellular senescence of angiosarcoma cells. Subsequent treatment with a senolytic agent, ABT-263, eliminates senescent cells through the activation of the apoptotic pathway. In addition, expression analysis indicates that senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) genes are activated in senescent angiosarcoma cells and that ABT-263 treatment eliminates senescent cells expressing genes in the type-I interferon (IFN-I) pathway. Moreover, we show that cisplatin treatment alone requires a high dose to remove angiosarcoma cells, whereas a lower dose of cisplatin is sufficient to induce senescence, followed by the elimination of senescent cells by senolytic treatment. This study sheds light on a potential therapeutic strategy against angiosarcoma by combining a relatively low dose of cisplatin with the ABT-263 senolytic agent, which can help ease the deleterious side effects of chemotherapy.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens

PROVIDER: GSE245935 | GEO | 2024/03/23

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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