Project description:Infection with multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is a significant problem worldwide, requiring a better understanding of how various strains are able to defeat current antibiotic therapies and cause disease. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of three K. pneumoniae strains harboring the SHV-18, KPC-2, or NDM-1 ?-lactamases.
Project description:May is a newly isolated myophage that infects multidrug-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, a pathogen that is associated with antibiotic-resistant infections in humans. The genome of May has been shown to be similar to that of phage Vi01.
Project description:The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens has severely threatened global health. A phage with the ability to efficiently and specifically lyse bacteria is considered an alternative for controlling multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens. The discovery of novel agents for controlling the infections caused by K. pneumoniae is urgent due to the broad multidrug-resistance of K. pneumoniae. Only a few phage isolates have been reported to infect multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae. In this study, by using the multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae strain as an indicator, a novel phage called vB_KleS-HSE3, which maintains high antibacterial activity and high physical stability, was isolated from hospital sewage. This phage infected one of four tested multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae strains. This phage belongs to the Siphoviridae family and a comparative genomic analysis showed that this phage is part of a novel phage lineage among the Siphoviridae family of phages that infect strains of Klebsiella. Based on its features, the vB_KleS-HSE3 phage has potential for controlling infections caused by multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae.
Project description:Bacteriophage Magnus infects Klebsiella pneumoniae, a Gram-negative pathogen whose multidrug-resistant strains are a public health issue. Here, we describe the annotation of the 157,741-bp Magnus genome and its similarity to other myophages.
Project description:Klebsiella pneumoniae is a leading cause of nosocomial infections in the United States. Due to the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains, phages targeting K. pneumoniae may be a useful alternative against this pathogen. Here, we announce the complete genome of K. pneumoniae pseudo-T-even myophage Matisse and describe its features.
Project description:Sequence type 258 (ST258) is the most widespread multidrug resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae strain worldwide. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of two colistin-resistant MDR K. pneumoniae ST258 clinical strains isolated from hospital patients in Italy. These strains are resistant to ?-lactams, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines, carbapenems, and colistin.
Project description:Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) was epidemic around the world and become a global threat to public health. The most important carbapenem-resistant mechanism is producing carbapenemases, especially Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC), which is prevalent in the international clonal complex CC11. The high-risk multidrug-resistant CC11 is widespread worldwide, and KPC-producing and (New Delhi metallo) NDM-producing strains had been reported in this clonal complex before; moreover, cases with the CC11 strain faced more severe forms of drug resistance and treatment challenges than other clonal complexes. In this study, we identified an OXA-232-producing ST437 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate in China, which belonged to CC11. The isolate was resistant to ?-lactams, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones but susceptible to fosfomycin, tigecycline, and colistin. The bla OXA-232 gene was located on a 6141?bp ColKP3-type nonconjugative plasmid, and the plasmid was transformed by chemical transformation successfully. This is the first report of OXA-232-producing ST437 K. pneumoniae in China, a new clone of high-risk multidrug-resistant CC11.
Project description:Klebsiella pneumoniae shows increasing emergence of multidrug-resistant lineages, including strains resistant to all available antimicrobial drugs. We conducted whole-genome sequencing of 178 highly drug-resistant isolates from a tertiary hospital in Lahore, Pakistan. Phylogenetic analyses to place these isolates into global context demonstrate the expansion of multiple independent lineages, including K. quasipneumoniae.
Project description:Health care-acquired infections (HAIs) kill tens of thousands of people each year and add significantly to health care costs. Multidrug-resistant and epidemic strains are a large proportion of HAI agents, and multidrug-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, a leading HAI agent, have caused an urgent public health crisis. In the health care environment, patient colonization by K. pneumoniae precedes infection, and transmission via colonization leads to outbreaks. Periodic patient screening for K. pneumoniae colonization has the potential to curb the number of HAIs. In this report, we describe the design and validation of KlebSeq, a highly informative screening tool that detects Klebsiella species and identifies clinically important strains and characteristics by using highly multiplexed amplicon sequencing without a live-culturing step. We demonstrate the utility of this tool on several complex specimen types, including urine, wound swabs and tissue, and several types of respiratory and fecal specimens, showing K. pneumoniae species and clonal group identification and antimicrobial resistance and virulence profiling, including capsule typing. Use of this amplicon sequencing tool to screen patients for Klebsiella carriage could inform health care staff of the risk of infection and outbreak potential. KlebSeq also serves as a model for next-generation molecular tools for public health and health care, as expansion of this tool can be used for several other HAI agents or applications.
Project description:The noticeable increase in the occurrence of multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains separated from different hospitals in Taif city, (Saudi Arabia) demonstrates the limitation of antibiotics used for bacterial eradication. The aim of the present study is to detect the virulence genes in some K. pneumoniae isolates that collected from different hospitals in Taif governorate in Saudi Arabia. A total of 134 clinical samples were used to isolate about twenty three K. pneumoniae strains from various clinical specimens throw six months. They were identified by microbiological method as K. pneumoniae and confirmed with 16S rRNA sequencing analysis. The antimicrobial susceptibility of K. pneumoniae isolates was determined. The existence of virulence genes (AcrAB, tolC, arb, OmpK35, RmpA, fimH-1, entB, K2, irP-1 and Mdtk) were performed by PCR. The multidrug-resistant strains were detected in 16 (69.5%), that showed the presence of the most virulence genes. The multidrug-resistant isolates showed resistance against Ampicillin (96%), Amox-Clav (90%), Cephalothin (90%), Cefuroxime (90%), Ceftriaxone (85%), Aztreonam (87%), Cefepime (80%), Ceftazidime (80%), and Trim-Sulf (82%). Molecular diversity between K. pneumoniae isolates was determined using Rep-PCR markers technique. Thirty eight bands were resulted from the rep-PCR primers. Out of them, 31 bands were polymorphic with a polymorphism average of 81.6%. Total loci detected for each primer varied from 11 to 15 loci, and the loci size ranging from 200 to 2000 bp. These data may present novel epidemiological information regarding the clonal nature of K. pneumoniae separated from Taif governorate hospitals, Saudi Arabia.