Dataset Information


Tet1 and hydroxymethylcytosine in transcription and DNA methylation fidelity (Affymetrix gene expression data)

ABSTRACT: Enzymes catalyzing the methylation of the 5-position of cytosine (mC) have essential roles in regulating gene expression, genome stability, and maintaining cellular identity. Recently Tet1, which is highly expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells, was found to oxidize the methyl group of mC converting it to 5-hydroxymethyl cytosine (hmC)3. Here, we present the genome-wide mapping of Tet1 and hmC in mouse ES cells. We show that Tet1 binds throughout the genome with the majority of binding sites located at transcription start sites (TSSs) and within genes. Similar to Tet1 and mC, also hmC is found throughout the genome and in particular in gene bodies. However, in contrast to mC, hmC is enriched at TSSs. Tet1 and hmC are associated with genes critical for the control of development and differentiation, which become methylated during differentiation. Surprisingly our results also suggest that Tet1 has a role in transcriptional repression. We show that Tet1 binds to a significant proportion of target genes that are positive for the Polycomb repressive histone mark H3K27me3, and that downregulation of Tet1 also leads to increased expression of a group of Tet1 target genes. In agreement with a potential repressive function, we show that Tet1 associates with the Sin3A co-repressor complex, which also co-localises with Tet1 throughout the genome. We propose that Tet1 fulfils dual functions in transcriptional regulation, where it fine-tunes DNA methylation and associates with the Sin3A co-repressor complex to prevent transcriptional activation. Overall design: [GSM611209-GSM611217] Control (shScr) or two different Tet1 knockdown (shTet1#4 or shTet1#5) mouse ES cells were used. Each experiment was performed in triplicates. [GSM675884-GSM675889] Control (shScr) or Sin3A knockdown (shSin3A) mouse ES cells were used.Each experiment was performed in triplicates.

INSTRUMENT(S): [MoGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array [CDF: MoGene10stv1_Mm_ENTREZG_13]

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Kristine Williams  

PROVIDER: GSE24842 | GEO | 2011-04-13



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