Pneumococcal conjugate vaccination at birth induces robust recall responses at 9 months of age.
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to compare recall responses to vaccine antigens at 3 months and 9 months of age in infants who were vaccinated at birth or at 1 month. Overall design: PBMC were obtained at 9 months of age from infants who were vaccinated at birth (n=25) or 1 month (n=25). The PBMC were cultured in the presence or absence of CRM197 antigen for 72 hours. At the termination of the cultures, total RNA was extracted from the PBMC. The RNA was pooled into groups of n=5 subjects per group, following by labeling and hybridization to Affymetrix microarrays.
INSTRUMENT(S): [HuGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
Project description:The objective of this study was to compare recall responses to vaccine antigens at 3 months and 9 months of age in infants who were vaccinated at birth or at 1 month. PBMC were obtained at 9 months of age from infants who were vaccinated at birth (n=25) or 1 month (n=25). The PBMC were cultured in the presence or absence of CRM197 antigen for 72 hours. At the termination of the cultures, total RNA was extracted from the PBMC. The RNA was pooled into groups of n=5 subjects per group, following by labeling and hybridization to Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Analysis of PBMC from 10 week old infants vaccinated with BCG at birth. During follow-up 26 infants developed tuberculosis (TB) (non-protected by BCG) and 20 infants did not develop TB despite documented exposure (protected by BCG). PBMC were stimulated with media only or reconstituted BCG for 4 and 12 hours. Results provide insight into the mechanisms behind the failure of BCG to protect against disease. Overall design: Set of arrays that are part of repeated experiments
Project description:The prevalence of immune-mediated diseases such as allergies and autoimmune diseases is on the rise in the developed world. Microbial exposure is known to modulate the risk for these diseases. In order to explore differences in the gene expression patterns induced in utero in infants born in contrasting standards of living and hygiene, we collected umbilical cord blood RNA samples from full-term newborn infants born with normal vaginal delivery in Finland (modern society), Estonia (rapidly developing society) and the Republic of Karelia, Russia (poor economical conditions). Transcriptomic profiles were analyzed using whole genome microarrays including gender, gestational age, birth month and HLA allele genotype as confounding variables in the analysis. The data revealed that the whole blood transcriptome of Finnish and Estonian neonates differ from their Karelian counterparts. Samples from Karelian infants had an increase in transcripts associated with LPS induction and bacterial sepsis observed in 1-year-old infants in earlier studies. The results suggest exposure to toll like receptor (TLR) ligands and a more matured immune response in infants born in Petrozavodsk compared to the Finnish and Estonian infants. These results further support the concept of a conspicuous plasticity in the developing immune system: the environmental factors that play a role in the susceptibility/protection towards immune-mediated diseases begin to shape the neonatal immunity already in utero and direct the maturation of both the adaptive and the innate immune responses in accordance with the surrounding microbial milieu. Umbilical cord blood was drawn into Tempus Blood RNA tubes (Applied Biosystems) from children born between January and May 2010 at the maternity unit of Jorvi hospital (Espoo, Finland; n=48), maternity units of Tartu and Põlva (Estonia; n=25), or two maternity departments in Petrozavodsk (capital of the Republic of Karelia, Russian Federation; n=40) according to the manufacturer´s protocol and then stored in −70 °C until analyzed. All newborn infants were full-term (>36 gestational weeks) and born vaginally. 113 cord blood RNA samples were analyzed with Affymetrix U219 gene array. Gender, pregnancy week, month of birth and HLA risk class were included as confounding factors in the analysis model.
Project description:Mononuclear cells were collected from 24 infants at birth (n=12) and resampled at 12 months (n=12) and cells were either activated with anti-CD3 (0.5 ug/mL) + IL2(20U) or rested in media alone for 24 hours. CD4+ cells were purified and DNA was harvested and bisulphite converted for methylation analysis on illumina HM450K array. This is a pooled design. Each sample is bisulphite converted gDNA pooled in equimolar amounts from n=2 individuals. There are 6 allergic pools and 6 non allergic pools. Each pool is sampled at two time points, birth and 12 months, and either treated or untreated at each time point.
Project description:Whole blood was collected from healthy and autistic infants and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated. Transcriptional profile in PBMCs was compared between healthy and autistic infants. Comparison: healty control infants vs autistic infants. Biological replicates; 4 control infants and 4 autistic infants.
Project description:Twenty five infants received HBV vaccination and were classified as good or poor responders according to their responses, the number being 12 and 13 respectively. PBMC cells were extracted and epigenome-wide DNA methylation levels were measureed using Illumina Infinium 450K HumanMethylation beadchips. Bisulphite converted DNA from the 25 samples were hybridised to the Illumina Infinium 450K Human Methylation Beadchip v1.2
Project description:On going efforts are directed at understanding the mutualism between the gut microbiota and the host in breast-fed versus formula-fed infants. Due to the lack of tissue biopsies, no investigators have performed a global transcriptional (gene expression) analysis of the developing human intestine in healthy infants. As a result, the crosstalk between the microbiome and the host transcriptome in the developing mucosal-commensal environment has not been determined. In this study, we examined the host intestinal mRNA gene expression and microbial DNA profiles in full term 3 month-old infants exclusively formula fed (FF) (n=6) or breast fed (BF) (n=6) from birth to 3 months. Host mRNA microarray measurements were performed using isolated intact sloughed epithelial cells in stool samples collected at 3 months. Microbial composition from the same stool samples was assessed by metagenomic pyrosequencing. Both the host mRNA expression and bacterial microbiome phylogenetic profiles provided strong feature sets that clearly classified the two groups of babies (FF and BF). To determine the relationship between host epithelial cell gene expression and the bacterial colony profiles, the host transcriptome and functionally profiled microbiome data were analyzed in a multivariate manner. From a functional perspective, analysis of the gut microbiota's metagenome revealed that characteristics associated with virulence differed between the FF and BF babies. Using canonical correlation analysis, evidence of multivariate structure relating eleven host immunity / mucosal defense-related genes and microbiome virulence characteristics was observed. These results, for the first time, provide insight into the integrated responses of the host and microbiome to dietary substrates in the early neonatal period. Our data suggest that systems biology and computational modeling approaches that integrate “-omic” information from the host and the microbiome can identify important mechanistic pathways of intestinal development affecting the gut microbiome in the first few months of life. KEYWORDS: infant, breast-feeding, infant formula, exfoliated cells, transcriptome, metagenome, multivariate analysis, canonical correlation analysis 12 samples, 2 groups