Transcriptomics,Genomics

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Identification of Positional Candidate Genes for Body Weight and Adiposity in Subcongenic Mice


ABSTRACT: We previously constructed a congenic mouse, B6.S-D2Mit194-D2Mit311 (B6.S-2) with SPRET/Ei donor DNA on distal chromosome 2 in a C57BL/6J background that captured an obesity quantitative trait locus (QTL). Mice homozygous for SPRET/Ei alleles at the donor region had decreased body weight and obesity related phenotypes. The B6.S-2 congenic donor region spanned a minimum of 26 Mb. In this study, we constructed five overlapping subcongenics with smaller SPRET/Ei donor regions to fine map the underlying gene(s). One of the five subcongenic lines derived from the B6.S-2 founding congenic, B6.S-2A, captures most of the body weight and adiposity phenotypes in a donor region with a maximum size of 7.4 Mb. Homozygous SPRET/Ei donor alleles in both the founding congenic and the derived B6.S-2A subcongenic exhibit significant decreases in body weight, multiple fat pad weights with the greatest decrease in mesenteric fat pad weight, and Adiposity Index (total fat pad weight divided by body weight). Interval specific microarray analysis in four tissues for donor region genes from the founding B6.S-2 congenic identified several differentially expressed genes mapping to the B6.S-2A subcongenic donor region, including prohormone convertase 2 (PC2). Quantitative real-time PCR confirmed a modest decrease of PC2 expression in whole brains of mice homozygous for SPRET/Ei donor alleles. Analysis of the relative levels of mRNA for B6 and SPRET/Ei in heterozygous congenic mice showed differentially higher expression of the C57BL/6J allele over the SPRET/Ei allele indicating a cis regulation of differential expression. Using subcongenic mapping, we have successfully narrowed a body weight and obesity QTL interval and identified PC2 as a positional candidate gene. Keywords: Two strain comparison for gene discovery Overall design: Two genotypes of B6.S-2 background and congenic strains- for each strain four tissues (whole brain, liver, adipose, muscle) were collected with 3 biological replicates.

INSTRUMENT(S): Identification of positional candidate genes for body weight and adiposity in subcongenic mice

SUBMITTER: Kyoungmi Kim  

PROVIDER: GSE6115 | GEO | 2008-09-22

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA97725

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Identification of positional candidate genes for body weight and adiposity in subcongenic mice.

Chiu Sally S   Kim Kyoungmi K   Haus Kari A KA   Espinal Glenda M GM   Millon Lee V LV   Warden Craig H CH  

Physiological genomics 20070529 1


We previously constructed a congenic mouse, B6.S-D2Mit194-D2Mit311 (B6.S-2) with 27 Mb of SPRET/Ei donor DNA on distal chromosome 2 in a C57BL/6J background that captured an obesity quantitative trait locus (QTL). Mice homozygous for SPRET/Ei alleles at the donor region had decreased body weight and obesity-related phenotypes (Diament AL, Farahani P, Chiu S, Fisler J, Warden CH. Mamm Genome 15: 452-459, 2004). In this study, we constructed five overlapping subcongenics with smaller SPRET/Ei dono  ...[more]

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