Genomics

Dataset Information

48

Autophagy mediates degradation of nuclear lamina


ABSTRACT: Autophagy is a catabolic membrane trafficking process involved in degradation of cellular constituents through lysosomes, which maintains cell and tissue homeostasis. While much attention has been focused on autophagic turnover of cytoplasmic materials, little is known regarding the role of autophagy in degrading nuclear components. Here we report that autophagy machinery mediates degradation of nuclear lamina in mammalian cells, a process we term laminophagy. The autophagy protein LC3 is present in the nucleus and directly interacts with the nuclear lamina protein Lamin B1, and associates with lamin-associated domains (LADs) on chromatin. This interaction does not downregulate Lamin B1 during starvation, but mediates nuclear lamina degradation upon tumorigenic insults, such as by oncogenic Ras. Laminophagy is achieved by nucleus-to-cytosol transport that delivers Lamin B1 to lysosome for degradation. Inhibiting autophagy or LC3-Lamin B1 interaction prevents oncogenic Ras-induced Lamin B1 loss and delays oncogene-induced cell cycle arrest. Our study unveils a role of autophagy in degrading nuclear materials, and suggests laminophagy as a guarding mechanism protecting cells from tumorigenesis. Overall design: Study includes two replicates each of lamin B1, LC3, and input to control for sonication efficiency. Only one condition is included.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina NextSeq 500 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Gregory Donahue 

PROVIDER: GSE63440 | GEO | 2015-10-08

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA267739

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications


Macroautophagy (hereafter referred to as autophagy) is a catabolic membrane trafficking process that degrades a variety of cellular constituents and is associated with human diseases. Although extensive studies have focused on autophagic turnover of cytoplasmic materials, little is known about the role of autophagy in degrading nuclear components. Here we report that the autophagy machinery mediates degradation of nuclear lamina components in mammals. The autophagy protein LC3/Atg8, which is inv  ...[more]