Gene expression profile analysis of PLS-123 in OCI-Ly7 cells
ABSTRACT: To exploit targets or signaling pathways affected by PLS-123 during anti-tumor process, gene expression profiling was carried out in representative OCI-Ly7 cells treated for 24 hours. Overall design: OCI-Ly7 cells were treated with ibrutinib, PLS-123 or vehicle for 24 hours.
INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133_Plus_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array
Project description:To exploit targets or signaling pathways affected by PLS-123 during anti-tumor process, gene expression profiling was carried out in representative OCI-Ly7 cells treated for 48 hours. OCI-Ly7 cells were treated with ibrutinib, PLS-123 or vehicle for 48 hours.
Project description:To exploit targets or signaling pathways affected by PLS-123 during anti-tumor process, gene expression profiling was carried out in OCI-Ly7 inoculated xenograft model. Six- to eight-week-old male SCID mice were inoculated subcutaneously with OCI-Ly7 tumor cells in 0.1 ml PBS for tumor development
Project description:The B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway has gained significant attention as a therapeutic target in B-cell malignancies. Recently, several drugs that target the BCR signaling pathway, especially the Btk inhibitor ibrutinib, have demonstrated notable therapeutic effects in relapsed/refractory patients, which indicates that pharmacological inhibition of BCR pathway holds promise in B-cell lymphoma treatment. Here we present a novel covalent irreversible Btk inhibitor PLS-123 with more potent anti-proliferative activity compared with ibrutinib in multiple cellular and in vivo models through effective apoptosis induction and dual-action inhibitory mode of Btk activation. The phosphorylation of BCR downstream activating AKT/mTOR and MAPK signal pathways was also more significantly reduced after treatment with PLS-123 than ibrutinib. Gene expression profile analysis further suggested that the different selectivity profile of PLS-123 led to significant downregulation of oncogenic gene PTPN11 expression, which might also offer new opportunities beyond what ibrutinib has achieved. In addition, PLS-123 dose-dependently attenuated BCR- and chemokine-mediated lymphoma cell adhesion and migration. Taken together, Btk inhibitor PLS-123 suggested a new direction to pharmacologically modulate Btk function and develop novel therapeutic drug for B-cell lymphoma treatment.
Project description:Define and compare H3K4me2 enrichment in OCI-Ly1 and OCI-Ly7 cell lines. Using ChIP-seq, we examined the H3K4me2 genomic enrichment locations in two biological replicates in each cell line
Project description:Human acute myeloid leukemia cell lines OCI-AML2 and OCI-AML3 were used in a CRISPR/Cas9-mediated approach to specifically target DDX3X’s gene sequences encoding the RNA binding domain of the helicase. DDX3X RNA binding domain is bipartite in the two halves of the helicase core. sgRNAs were designed to target both halves of the domain (named RNA binding domain A and B – RBDA and RBDB). We performed RNA-seq to observe the gene expression changes in both OCI-AML2 and OCI-AML3 cell lines following the not-combined CRISPR/Cas9 –mediated targeting of both regions of the DDX3X RNA binding domain. Control CRISPR/Cas9 performed with no sgRNA expressing vector (named “empty vector”) was performed in both cell lines. The latter condition was used as a control for gene expression changes analysis, for each cell line.
Project description:Analysis of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) OCI-LY3 cell line treated with 14 different known drugs at 2 different concentrations and profiled at 6, 12 and 24 hrs after treatment. We used this gene expression data to design a challenge where participants were required to develop methods to predict activity of compound pairs using gene expression profile following single compound treatment, drug response curve of each compound and baseline genetic profile of OCI-LY3 cell line. GeneChip HT HG-U219 array plates were used to analyze gene expression changes induced by treatment with 14 drug compounds in OCI-Ly3 cells at 6, 12 and 24h. 3 replicates were analyxed for each drug/time combination. Vehicle (DMSO)-treated control samples were used for comparison with each replicate. Altogether 282 samples were analyzed in this study.
Project description:Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is commonly treated with R-CHOP, but ~30 to 50% of the patients are poorly responsive to this strategy. Geniposide, an extract from the Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, plays antitumor roles in human gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and oral squamous carcinoma. However, the effects of geniposide treatment on DLBCL cells, as well as its underlying mechanism, are still unknown. Here, we found that geniposide inhibited the proliferation of OCI-LY7 and OCI-LY3 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, geniposide increased the percentage of apoptotic cells and upregulated the levels of cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase-3 in DLBCL cells. Interestingly, geniposide treatment significantly reduced the expression of the long noncoding RNA HLA complex P5 (lncRNA HCP5) in DLBCL cells. HCP5 expression was revealed to be upregulated in DLBCL tissues and cell lines. Moreover, HCP5 knockdown resulted in proliferation inhibition and apoptosis in OCI-LY7 and OCI-LY3 cells. miR-27b-3p was predicted as a potential target of HCP5 using the lnCAR web tool. Both HCP5 silencing and geniposide treatment increased the level of miR-27b-3p in DLBCL cells. Accordingly, a luciferase reporter assay identified miR-27b-3p as a direct target of HCP5. The expression of miR-27b-3p was upregulated and inversely correlated with the HCP5 level in DLBCL tissues. HCP5 knockdown reduced MET protein expression, which was subsequently rescued by miR-27b-3p silencing in DLBCL cells. Importantly, the restoration of MET partially reversed the geniposide-induced proliferation inhibition and apoptosis of DLBCL cells. In conclusion, geniposide inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of DLBCL cells at least partially by regulating the HCP5/miR-27b-3p/MET axis, indicating a potential strategy for DLBCL treatment.
Project description:The aberrant expression and dysfunction of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as critical factors governing the initiation and progression of different human cancers, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). LncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16) has been recognized as a tumour-promoting factor in various types of cancer. However, the biological role of SNHG16 and its underlying mechanism are still unknown in DLBCL. Here we disclosed that SNHG16 was overexpressed in DLBCL tissues and the derived cell lines. SNHG16 knockdown significantly suppressed cell proliferation and cell cycle progression, and it induced apoptosis of DLBCL cells in vitro. Furthermore, silencing of SNHG16 markedly repressed in vivo growth of OCI-LY7 cells. Mechanistically, SNHG16 directly interacted with miR-497-5p by acting as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) and inversely regulated the abundance of miR-497-5p in DLBCL cells. Moreover, the proto-oncogene proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukaemia virus 1 (PIM1) was identified as a novel direct target of miR-497-5p. SNHG16 overexpression rescued miR-497-5p-induced down-regulation of PIM1 in DLBCL cells. Importantly, restoration of PIM1 expression reversed SNHG16 knockdown-induced inhibition of proliferation, G0/G1 phase arrest and apoptosis of OCI-LY7 cells. Our study suggests that the SNHG16/miR-497-5p/PIM1 axis may provide promising therapeutic targets for DLBCL progression.