Dataset Information


Bisphenol A disrupts HNF4α-regulated gene networks linking to prostate preneoplasia in Noble rats

ABSTRACT: Exposure of humans to bisphenol A (BPA) is widespread and continuous. We previously showed that perinatal exposure to BPA increased prostate cancer risk in adult rats. Yet the effects of protracted, exposure to BPA during adulthood have not been studied. In this study, we subjected Noble rats to 32 weeks of co-treatment with testosterone (T) and BPA (low- or high-dose) or T and 17β-estradiol (E2) via Silastic capsule implants. Circulating T levels were comparable in all treatment groups, whereas the levels of free BPA were elevated in the groups that received T+low BPA (1.06 ± 0.05 ng/ml, P<0.05) and T+high BPA (10.37 ± 0.43 ng/ml, P<0.01) when compared with those in controls (0.1 ± 0.05 ng/ml). T+low/high BPA induced prostatic hyperplasia, low-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), and intraepithelial infiltration of T-lymphocytes only in the lateral prostates (LPs), whereas T+E2 induced high-grade PIN in this prostatic lobe. Genome-wide transcriptome analysis identified differential changes in the LPs of T+BPA and T+E2 treatments, with aberrant expression of multiple genes in the regulatory network controlled by the transcription factor hepatic nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) specifically in BPA- but not E2-treated LPs. These findings suggest that the adult rat prostate is susceptible to transcriptomic reprogramming by BPA associated with the development of prostate pathology in a manner distinct from that of E2. The relevance of these data to the previous report demonstrating an association between high urinary levels of BPA and prostate cancer needs to be studied further. Overall design: Rat lateral prostates were collected from untreated control and treated groups [Testosterone (T) + Estradiol (E2), T + low dose Bisphenol A (low BPA) and T + high BPA] for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to identify transcriptional signature of BPA exposures in the lateral prostate gland.

INSTRUMENT(S): [RaGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Rat Gene 1.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version] [CDF: Brainarray ENTREZG Version 15]

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Mario Medvedovic 




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