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Regulatory landscape fusion in rhabdomyosarcoma by interactions between the PAX3 promoter and FOXO1 regulatory elements

ABSTRACT: Results: Using a combination of 4C-seq datasets, we were able to model the three-dimensional organisation of the translocated chromosome in a PAX3:FOXO1 fusion-positive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma cell line. We show that PAX3 and FOXO1 regulatory landscapes fuse into a novel TAD, allowing the PAX3 promoter to interact ectopically with FOXO1 sequences with potential enhancer function. The borders of this novel TAD correspond to the original 5'- and 3'- borders of the PAX3 and FOXO1 TADs, respectively, suggesting that TAD organisation precedes the formation of regulatory long-range interactions. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the chromosomal translocation that leads to ARMS development generates a novel TAD that favours ectopic PAX3:FOXO1 oncogene activation in non-PAX3 territories, which may be an essential step in the tumorigenic process, as expression in a particular cell type, the often elusive cell-of-origin, may be required for disease development.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus Homo sapiens

PROVIDER: GSE69439 | GEO | 2017/04/17



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