Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

156

A novel hybrid two-component system Lvr mediates virulence and global regulation in pathogenic Leptospira


ABSTRACT: Transmission of leptospirosis requires that the spirochete pathogen adapts rapidly to the mammalian host milieu during infection and the external environment upon shedding from the renal tubules of animal reservoirs. The pathogenic Leptospira genomes encode a notably large number (≥76) of putative two-component system (TCS) proteins, which presumably play a key role in switching the ecological niches. Yet to date, the regulatory networks that govern virulence and environmental adaptation have not been elucidated in Leptospira. We identified seven ORFs encoding putative TCS proteins that are exclusively conserved in all the pathogenic Leptospira species. Two of these ORFs (LMANv2_670020, LMANv2_670019), juxtaposed in an operon, are predicted to encode a cytoplasmic hybrid histidine kinase and response regulator. Corresponding transposon mutants ΔlvrA/B and ΔlvrB demonstrated a loss-of-virulence in a hamster model of leptospirosis and aberrant motility phenotype. RNA sequencing revealed the differential expression of transcripts on a global scale in ΔlvrA/B (8.13%), ΔlvrB (5.06%) and ΔlvrA/B∩ΔlvrB (8.24%). In vitro transcriptomes provided insights into the role of Lvr dyad in regulating virulence, motility, signal transduction and metabolism related genes. Phosphotransfer assays indicated that LvrA interacts with LvrB in a branched signaling pathway. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that Our findings suggest that a novel, hybrid two-component system Lvr plays a key role in governing virulence and mediating global regulation in pathogenic Leptospira. Overall design: To study the impact of two transposon mutants in signal transduction genes in Leptospira and study their role in virulence.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Leptospira interrogans serovar Manilae)

SUBMITTER: Sameet Mehta  

PROVIDER: GSE79107 | GEO | 2018-04-04

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic disease with more than 1 million cases annually. Currently there is lack of evidence for signaling pathways involved during the infection process of Leptospira. In our comprehensive genomic analysis of 20 Leptospira spp. we identified seven pathogen-specific Two-Component System (TCS) proteins. Disruption of two these TCS genes in pathogenic Leptospira strain resulted in loss-of-virulence in a hamster model of leptospirosis. Corresponding genes lvrA and lvrB  ...[more]

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