Project description:Comparative analysis of gene expression levels from hindlimb muscle tissue from 8 week old mouse models for muscular dystrophy. We have used mouse models with dystrophin-, sarcoglycan-, sarcospan-, or dysferlin-deficiency. Keywords = muscular dystrophy
Project description:Laminin (merosin) deficient muscular dystrophy in dy/dy mouse diaphragm muscle, 8 weeks old Keywords: muscle, muscular dystrophy, laminin, merosin, diaphragm, mouse Overall design: 4 normal samples 4 dystrophic samples Each sample consists of muscle pooled from 3 mice, thus a total of 12 normal and 12 dystrophic mice were studied
Project description:Genome-wide homozygosity mapping was employed for identification of the locus involved in autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy highly prevalent in a small community. Overall design: Affymetrix SNP array was performed for a pool of three samples from individuals with an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy.
Project description:We developed a novel somite-based step-wise strategy for the efficient derivation of functional human myocytes, suggesting that past failures were due to incomplete specification. Treatment with two small molecules inhibiting glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) and the Notch signaling pathway in undifferentiated hPSCs results in the formation of somite-like cells by Day 4 and, subsequently contractile myotubes in vitro around Day 25 with the ability to engraft and actively participate in muscle repair in vivo. Antibody-based purification can enrich homogenous myocyte populations exhibiting genuine myogenic molecular and cellular characteristics, including extraocular muscle-like features. Furthermore, hPSCs derived from patients with multiple neuromuscular diseases successfully give rise to patient-specific skeletal muscle cells bearing signature phenotypes. Human embryonic stem cell were differentiated to skeletal muscle and compared to non-differentiated cells in triplicate biological replicates. For the confirmation of differentiated cell's characteristics and the global mRNA profiles, We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during this process. Further more, we used microarrys for the comparing control and disease gene expression profiles, again in triplicate.
Project description:Preservation of cell identity is necessary for homeostasis of most adult tissues. This process is challenged every time a tissue undergoes regeneration after stress or injury. In the lethal Duchenne muscular Dystrophy (DMD), skeletal muscle regenerative capacity declines gradually as fibrosis increases. Using genetically engineered-tracing mice, we demonstrate that in dystrophic muscle, specialized cells of muscular, endothelial and hematopoietic origins gain plasticity towards a fibrogenic fate via a TGFβ-mediated pathway. This results in loss of cellular identity and normal function, with deleterious consequences for regeneration. Furthermore, this fibrogenic process involves acquisition of a mesenchymal progenitor multipotent status, illustrating a link between fibrogenesis and gain of progenitor cell functions. As this plasticity was also observed in DMD patients, we propose that mesenchymal transitions impair regeneration and worsen diseases with a fibrotic component. TGFb exposure induced gene expression was measured after 4 days of treatment compared to untreated cells. Three independent experiments were performed both for the treatment and for the control
Project description:Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder caused by contractions of repetitive elements within the macrosatellite D4Z4 on chromosome 4q35. In order to develop mRNA-based biomarkers of affected muscles, we used GeneChip Gene 1.0 ST arrays for global analysis of gene expression in muscle biopsy specimens obtained from FSHD subjects and their unaffected first degree relatives. FSHD typically affects biceps muscles more severely than deltoid muscles. To examine muscle-specific expression changes associated with FSHD while controlling for background genetic variation, we analyzed RNA extracted from both biceps and deltoids of FSHD subjects and unaffected first-degree relatives.