Genomics

Dataset Information

22

Allele-Specific Expression 2


ABSTRACT: Physiologic allele-specific expression (ASE) in germline tissues occurs during random X-chromosome inactivation and in genomic imprinting, wherein the two alleles of a gene in a heterozygous individual are not expressed equally. Recent studies have confirmed the existence of ASE in apparently non-imprinted autosomal genes; however, the extent of ASE in the human genome is unknown. We explored ASE in lymphoblastoid cell lines of 145 individuals using an oligonucleotide array based assay. ASE of autosomal genes was found to be a very common phenomenon in ~20% of heterozygotes at 78% of SNPs at 84% of the genes examined. Comparison of 100 affected individuals from familial pancreatic cancer kindreds and 45 controls revealed three types of changes in the germline: (a) loss of ASE, (b) gain of ASE, and, (c) rare instances of "extreme" (near monoallelic) ASE. The latter changes identified heterozygous deleterious mutations in a subset of these genes. Consequently, an ASE assay efficiently identifies candidate disease genes with altered germline expression properties as compared to controls, and provides insights into mechanisms that confer disease risk as for pancreatic cancer. Keywords: allele specific expression Overall design: The goal of this study is to identify genes showing allele-specific expression (ASE) in familial pancreatic cancer vs normal germline. Please see readme.pdf for more details.

INSTRUMENT(S): Homo sapiens 1.2 K allele specific expression 2

SUBMITTER: Aik Choon Tan   

PROVIDER: GSE8055 | GEO | 2008-01-05

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA123769

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Physiologic allele-specific expression (ASE) in germline tissues occurs during random X-chromosome inactivation and in genomic imprinting, wherein the two alleles of a gene in a heterozygous individual are not expressed equally. Recent studies have confirmed the existence of ASE in apparently non-imprinted autosomal genes; however, the extent of ASE in the human genome is unknown. We explored ASE in lymphoblastoid cell lines of 145 individuals using an oligonucleotide array based assay. ASE of a  ...[more]

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