Dataset Information


Hepatic gene expression co-regulated by diet-microbiota interactions (19 wk)

ABSTRACT: Abstract: Histones are small proteins that form the core of nucleosomes, around which eukaryotic DNA wraps to ultimately form the highly organized and compressed structure known as chromatin. The N-terminal tails of histones are highly modified, and the modification state of these proteins dictates whether chromatin is permissive or repressive to processes that require physical access to DNA, including transcription and DNA replication and repair. The enzymes that add and remove histone modifications are known to be exquisitely sensitive to endogenous small molecule metabolite availability. In this manner, chromatin can adapt to changes in environment, particularly diet-induced metabolic state. Importantly, gut microbiota contribute to robust host metabolic phenotypes, and produce a myriad of metabolites that are detectable in host circulation. Further, gut microbial community composition and metabolite production are regulated by host diet, as a major source of carbon and energy for the microbiota. While prior studies have reported robust host metabolic associations with gut microbiota, the mechanisms therein remain largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that microbial colonization regulates global histone acetylation and methylation in multiple host tissues including colon, adipose tissue, and liver. This regulatory relationship is altered by diet: a “Western-type” diet leads to a general suppression of the microbiota-dependent chromatin changes observed in a polysaccharide rich diet. Finally, we demonstrate that supplementation of germ-free mice with major products of gut bacterial fermentation (i.e., short-chain fatty acids acetate, propionate, and butyrate) is sufficient to recapitulate many of the effects of colonization on host epigenetic states. These findings have profound implications for understanding the complex functional interactions between diet, gut microbiota, and host health. Overall design: 15 samples in total (biological n=3 per for each of 5 conditions; 19kw old male C57BL/6J mouse liver): (1) GF mouse liver on chow diet, (2) ConvR mouse liver on chow diet, (3) ConvD mouse liver on chow diet, (4) GF mouse liver on HF/HS diet, (5) ConvR mouse liver on HF/HS diet

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Mus musculus)

SUBMITTER: John M. Denu  

PROVIDER: GSE81117 | GEO | 2016-11-23



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Histone-modifying enzymes regulate transcription and are sensitive to availability of endogenous small-molecule metabolites, allowing chromatin to respond to changes in environment. The gut microbiota produces a myriad of metabolites that affect host physiology and susceptibility to disease; however, the underlying molecular events remain largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that microbial colonization regulates global histone acetylation and methylation in multiple host tissues in a diet-depend  ...[more]

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