Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

156

Piwi is required during Drosophila embryogenesis to license dual-strand piRNA clusters for transposon repression in adult ovaries [smallRNA-seq]


ABSTRACT: Most piRNAs in the Drosophila female germline are transcribed from heterochromatic regions called dual-strand piRNA clusters. Histone 3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) is required for licensing piRNA production by these clusters. However, it is unclear when and how they acquire this permissive heterochromatic state. Although it has been suggested that piRNA cluster licensing is Piwi-independent, here we show that transient Piwi depletion in Drosophila embryos, using a refined knock-down system, results in H3K9me3 decrease at piRNA clusters. This is accompanied by aberrant maturation of piRNA precursor transcripts, accumulation of transposable element transcripts and female sterility. Conversely, Piwi knock-down at later developmental stages does not disturb piRNA cluster licensing, as previously reported. These results indicate that the identity of piRNA clusters is epigenetically acquired in a Piwi-dependent manner during a limited embryonic development window, which is reminiscent of the widespread genome reprogramming occurring during early mammalian zygotic development. Overall design: Study of small regulatory RNA populations in D. melanogaster ovaries in 3 types of libraries: 1) Transient embryonic temperature-dependent depletion of piwi (at 28°, 2 replicates), 2) Transient embryonic temperature-dependent depletion of white (at 28°, 2 replicates) and 3) Same genotype as type 1, but temperature-dependent depletion not activated (at 18° all along the development, 1 replicate).

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Drosophila melanogaster)

SUBMITTER: SEVERINE CHAMBEYRON  

PROVIDER: GSE83236 | GEO | 2017-04-27

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA325321

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Piwi Is Required during Drosophila Embryogenesis to License Dual-Strand piRNA Clusters for Transposon Repression in Adult Ovaries.

Akkouche Abdou A   Mugat Bruno B   Barckmann Bridlin B   Varela-Chavez Carolina C   Li Blaise B   Raffel Raoul R   Pélisson Alain A   Chambeyron Séverine S  

Molecular cell 20170427 3


Most piRNAs in the Drosophila female germline are transcribed from heterochromatic regions called dual-strand piRNA clusters. Histone 3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) is required for licensing piRNA production by these clusters. However, it is unclear when and how they acquire this permissive heterochromatic state. Here, we show that transient Piwi depletion in Drosophila embryos results in H3K9me3 decrease at piRNA clusters in ovaries. This is accompanied by impaired biogenesis of ovarian pi  ...[more]

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