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Integrative Analysis of miRNA and mRNA Paired Expression Profiling of Primary Fibroblast Derived from Diabetic Foot Ulcers Reveals Multiple Impaired Cellular Functions

ABSTRACT: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are one of the major complications of diabetes. Its molecular pathology remains poorly understood, impeding the development of effective treatments. Although it has been established that multiple cell types, including fibroblasts, keratinocytes, macrophages and endothelial cells, all contribute to inhibition of healing, less is known regarding individual contributions of each cell type. Thus, we generated primary fibroblasts from non-healing DFUs and evaluated their cellular and molecular properties in comparison to non-diabetic foot fibroblasts (NFFs). Specifically, we analyzed both micro-RNA and mRNA expression profiles of primary DFU fibroblasts. These paired genomic analyses identified a total of 331 reciprocal miRNA-mRNA pairs (21 miRNAs (FC>2.0) along with 239 predicted target genes (FC>1.5) that are significantly and differentially expressed. Of these, we focused on three miRNAs (miR-21-5p, miR-34a-5p, miR-145-5p) found to be induced in DFU fibroblasts as most differentially regulated. Their involvement in cellular functions important for wound healing was investigated by testing the expression of their downstream targets as well as by quantifying cellular behaviors in a prospectively collected and generated cell lines from 15 patients (7 DFUF and 8 NFF samples). We found large number of downstream targets of miR-21-5p, miR-34a-5p, miR-145-5p to be coordinately regulated in mRNA profiles, which was confirmed by qPCR. Genomic analysis of miR-21-5p, miR-34a-5p, miR-145-5p and their target genes indicates that these are contributing to the inhibition of cell movement and cell proliferation, together with increased cell differentiation and senescence in DFU fibroblasts, which was confirmed by cellular assays. We conclude that induction of miR-21-5p, miR-34a-5p, miR-145-5p in DFU dermal fibroblasts plays an important role in impairing multiple cellular functions, thus contributing to overall inhibition of healing in DFUs. Overall design: foot skin biopsies obtained from diabetic and non-diabetic people were thoroughly washed in DMEM supplemented with 2× Penicillin/Streptomycin/Fungizone, and gentamicin (50mg/L). After, the epidermis was removed from specimens, the dermis was finely minced and placed in 12-well plates. For the establishment of fibroblast cultures, DMEM (Life Technologies) supplemented with 10% FBS, HEPES (1.9mg/ml), streptomycin (100 μg/ml), penicillin (100 U/ml), and Fungizone Antimycotic (0.25 µg/mL) was used. RNA was isolated from cells (passage 1 or 2) using miRNeasy Mini Kit (QIAGEN). miR expression profiles of DFUF and NFF fibroblasts were generated by nanoString nCounter miR Expression Assays (NanoString Technologies, Seattle, WA, USA) and analyzed using nSolver2.0 software following manufacturer's instructions. Data were normalized to gene controls included in the assays. ----------------------- This represents the miRNA component only

INSTRUMENT(S): nCounter Human miRNA Expression Assay, V2

SUBMITTER: Marjana Tomic-Canic  

PROVIDER: GSE84971 | GEO | 2016-10-01



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