Genomics,Multiomics

Dataset Information

33

Cell responses to dysregulated VZV-induced cell-cell fusion


ABSTRACT: The highly conserved herpesvirus glycoprotein complex, gB/gH-gL, mediates membrane fusion during virion entry and cell-cell fusion. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) characteristically forms multi-nucleated cells, or syncytia, during the infection of human tissues but little is known about this process. The cytoplasmic domain of VZV gB (gBcyt) has been implicated in cell-cell fusion regulation because a gB[Y881F] substitution causes hyperfusion. The gBcyt regulation is necessary for VZV pathogenesis as the hyperfusogenic mutant gB[Y881F] is severely attenuated in human skin xenografts. In this study, gBcyt regulated fusion was investigated by comparing melanoma cells infected with wild type-like VZV or hyperfusogenic mutants. The gB[Y881F] mutant exhibited dramatically accelerated syncytia formation in melanoma cells caused by fusion of infected cells with many uninfected cells, increased cytoskeleton reorganization and rapid displacement of nuclei to dense central structures when compared to pOka using live cell confocal microscopy. VZV and human transcriptomes were concurrently investigated using RNA-seq to identify viral and cellular responses induced when the gBcyt regulation was disrupted by the gB[Y881F] substitution. The expression of four vital VZV genes, ORF61 and glycoproteins, gC, gE and gI, was significantly reduced at 36 hours post infection for the hyperfusogenic mutants. Importantly, hierarchical clustering demonstrated an association of differential gene expression with dysregulated gBcyt-mediated fusion. A subset of Ras GTPase genes linked to membrane remodeling were upregulated in cells infected with the hyperfusogenic mutants. These data implicate the gBcyt in the regulation gB fusion function that, if unmodulated, triggers cellular processes leading to hyperfusion that attenuates VZV infection. Overall design: Biological duplicates from 3 time points (12, 24 and 36 hours post infection) of uninfected MeWo cells or MeWo cells infected with varicella-zoster virus strain pOka or mutants gB[Y881F], gB[Y920F] or gB[Y881/920F]

OTHER RELATED OMICS DATASETS IN: PRJNA338650

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Stefan Oliver  

PROVIDER: GSE85493 | GEO | 2017-03-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA338650

REPOSITORIES: GEO

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
GSE85493_Infected_Cell_RPKM-Partek_20jul16_01.txt.gz Txt
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Publications

Dysregulated Glycoprotein B-Mediated Cell-Cell Fusion Disrupts Varicella-Zoster Virus and Host Gene Transcription during Infection.

Oliver Stefan L SL   Yang Edward E   Arvin Ann M AM  

Journal of virology 20161216 1


The highly conserved herpesvirus glycoprotein complex gB/gH-gL mediates membrane fusion during virion entry and cell-cell fusion. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) characteristically forms multinucleated cells, or syncytia, during the infection of human tissues, but little is known about this process. The cytoplasmic domain of VZV gB (gBcyt) has been implicated in cell-cell fusion regulation because a gB[Y881F] substitution causes hyperfusion. gBcyt regulation is necessary for VZV pathogenesis, as th  ...[more]

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