Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

154

HIV Reprograms Human Airway Basal Stem/Progenitor Cells to Acquire a Tissue Destructive Phenotype


ABSTRACT: While the survival rate of HIV-infected individuals has dramatically improved with the development of highly active anti-retroviral therapy, HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk for chronic disorders, including the development of COPD, manifesting as emphysema. The mechanisms of HIV-associated emphysema are not understood. Based on the knowledge that human airway basal cells (BC) function as stem/progenitor cells capable of differentiation into specialized ciliated and secretory cells during natural turnover and repair in response to injury, we hypothesized that HIV interacts with, and consequently induces pathologic programming of the BC that contributes to the development of emphysema. Overall design: Studies were designed to assess: (1) if HIV binds to, infects and/or replicates in BC; (2) identify which BC receptor(s) are responsible for HIV capture; and (3) the reprogramming of BC biology upon HIV exposure. Infectious HIVNL4-3 was used for all studies. Soluble heparan sulfate and heparinase III were used to prevent HIV/BC interactions. BC phenotypes after HIV exposure were assessed by TaqMan quantitative PCR, ELISA, phospho-MAPK array, protease array, cell invasion assay, and zymography.

REANALYSIS of: GSE47718

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Yael Strulovici-Barel  

PROVIDER: GSE85538 | GEO | 2017-09-06

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA338756

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

HIV Reprograms Human Airway Basal Stem/Progenitor Cells to Acquire a Tissue-Destructive Phenotype.

Chung Nancy P Y NPY   Ou Xuemei X   Khan K M Faisal KMF   Salit Jacqueline J   Kaner Robert J RJ   Crystal Ronald G RG  

Cell reports 20170501 6


While highly active anti-retroviral therapy has dramatically improved the survival of HIV-infected individuals, there is an increased risk for other co-morbidities, such as COPD, manifesting as emphysema. Given that emphysema originates around the airways and that human airway basal cells (BCs) are adult airway stem/progenitor cells, we hypothesized that HIV reprograms BCs to a distinct phenotype that contributes to the development of emphysema. Our data indicate that HIV binds to but does not r  ...[more]

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