Genomics

Dataset Information

172

Large-Scale Atlas of Mutant IDH1-Dependent Chromatin State Reprogramming, Reversibility, and Persistence [ChIP-seq]


ABSTRACT: Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) mutations drive the development of gliomas and other human malignancies. Significant efforts are already underway to attempt to target mutant IDH in clinical trials. However, how mutation of IDH leads to tumorigenesis is poorly understood. Mutant IDH1 promotes epigenetic changes that promote tumorigenesis but the scale of these changes throughout the epigenome and the reversibility of these changes are unknown. Here, using both human astrocyte and glioma tumorsphere systems, we generate a large-scale atlas of mutant IDH1-induced epigenomic reprogramming. We characterize the changes in the histone code landscape, DNA methylome, chromatin state, and transcriptional reprogramming that occur following IDH1 mutation and characterize the kinetics and reversibility of these alterations over time. We discover coordinate changes in the localization and intensity of multiple histone marks and chromatin states throughout the genome. These alterations result in systematic chromatin states changes, which result in widespread gene expression changes involving oncogenic pathways. Specifically, mutant IDH1 drives alterations in differentiation state and establishes a CD24+ population that features enhanced self-renewal and other stem-like properties. Strikingly, prolonged exposure to mutant IDH1 results in irreversible genomic and epigenetic alterations. Together, these observations provide unprecedented molecular portraits of mutant IDH1-dependent epigenomic reprogramming at high resolution. These findings have significant implications for our understanding the mechanisms underlying mutant IDH function and for optimizing therapeutic approaches to targeting IDH mutant tumors. Overall design: Histone modification ChIP-sequencing of IDH1 R132H expressing astrocyte and tumorsphere models

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Vladimir Makarov  

PROVIDER: GSE85940 | GEO | 2017-08-23

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA339798

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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