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Genomic Comparison of the O-antigen Biosynthesis Gene Clusters of E. coli O55 Strains Belonging to Three Lineages.


ABSTRACT: Typical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) O55:H7 is regarded as the closest relative of enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) O157:H7. Both serotypes usually express the ?1 intimin subclass and trigger actin polymerazation by the Tir-TccP pathway. However, atypical O55:H7 strains capable of triggering actin polymerization via the Tir-Nck pathway have recently been identified. In this study, we investigated the genotypic differences and phylogenetic relationships between typical and atypical O55:H7 strains. We show that the atypical O55:H7 strains, which express the ? intimin subclass and lack both tccP and tccP2, belong to an E. coli lineage distinct from the typical O55:H7 and from the EPEC O55:H6, which also uses the Tir-Nck actin polymerization pathway. We conducted genomic comparisons of the chromosomal regions covering the O-antigen gene cluster and its flanking regions between the three O55 lineages by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of PCR products and DNA sequencing analysis of about 65-kb chromosomal regions. This unexpectedly revealed that horizontal transfer of large fragments (= 40 kb) encoding the O55-antigen gene cluster and part of neighboring colanic acid gene cluster is involved in the emergence of the three O55 E. coli lineages. The data provide new insights into the mechanisms involved in the generation of a wide variety of O-serotypes in Gram-negative bacteria. Keywords: comparative genomic hybridization Overall design: Total 8 test samples were analyzed. Genomic DNA from each test strain and a reference strain (O157 Sakai) were labeled with Cy3 and Cy5, respectively, and were cohybridized on a single array. Labeling and hybridization were performed twice independently.

INSTRUMENT(S): E. coli O157 Sakai oligonucleotide DNA microarray

ORGANISM(S): Escherichia coli  

SUBMITTER: Atsushi Iguchi  

PROVIDER: GSE8889 | GEO | 2008-04-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA102271

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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