Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

146

Pluripotent Reprogramming of Human AML Resets Leukemic Behavior and Models Therapeutic Targeting of Subclones [RNA-seq]


ABSTRACT: Understanding the contribution of abnormal genetic and epigenetic programs to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is necessary for the integrated design of targeted therapies. To investigate this, we determined the effect of epigenetic reprogramming on leukemic behavior by generating induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from AML patient samples harboring MLL rearrangements. AML-derived iPSCs (AML-iPSCs) retained leukemic mutations, but reset leukemic DNA methylation/gene expression patterns and lacked leukemic potential. However, when differentiated into hematopoietic cells, AML-iPSCs reacquired the ability to give rise to leukemia in vivo and reestablished leukemic methylation/gene expression patterns, including an aberrant MLL signature, indicating that epigenetic reprogramming was insufficient to eliminate leukemic behavior. In one case, we identified distinct AML-iPSC KRAS mutant and wildtype subclones that demonstrated differential growth properties and therapeutic susceptibilities, predicting KRAS wildtype clonal relapse due to increased cytarabine resistance. Increased cytarabine resistance was further observed in a cohort of KRAS wildtype MLL-rearranged AML samples, demonstrating the utility of AML-iPSCs in predicting subclonal relapse and facilitating clonal targeting in AML. Overall design: RNA seq profiling of normal and leukemic differentiated and iPSC populations

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 4000 (Homo sapiens)

SUBMITTER: Andrew Gentles 

PROVIDER: GSE89777 | GEO | 2016-11-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA353508

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications


Understanding the relative contributions of genetic and epigenetic abnormalities to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) should assist integrated design of targeted therapies. In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from AML patient samples harboring MLL rearrangements and found that they retained leukemic mutations but reset leukemic DNA methylation/gene expression patterns. AML-iPSCs lacked leukemic potential, but when differentiated into hematopoietic cells, they reacquired  ...[more]

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