Genomics

Dataset Information

39

Study of gene expression alteration in male androgenetic alopecia: evidence of predominant molecular signaling pathways


ABSTRACT: Background: The male androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common form of hair loss in men and is hereditary in more than 80% of cases and characterized by a distinct pattern of progressive hair loss starting from the frontal area and the vertex of the scalp. Although several genetic risk loci have been identified, relevant genes for AGA remain to be identified. Objectives: Herein, molecular biomarkers associated with premature AGA were identified through gene expression analysis using cDNA generated from scalp skin vertex biopsies of hairless/bold men with premature AGA and healthy volunteers. Results: This monocentric study reveals that genes encoding mast cell granule enzymes, inflammatory and immunoglobulin-associated immune mediators were significantly over-expressed in AGA. In contrast, under-expressed genes appear to be associated with the Wnt/β-catenin and BMP/TGF-β signaling pathways. Although the involvement of these pathways in hair follicle regeneration is well-described, functional interpretation of the transcriptomic data highlights different events that account for their inhibition. In particular, one of these events depends on the dysregulated expression of proopiomelanocortin (POMC), as confirmed by RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry. In addition, a lower expression of CYP27B1 in AGA patients supports that alteration of vitamin D metabolism contributes to hair loss. Conclusion: Altogether, this study provides evidence for distinct molecular events contributing to alopecia that might be targeted for new therapeutic approaches. Overall design: monocentric study of scalp punch biopsy from AGA patients and healthy donors

INSTRUMENT(S): Agilent-039494 SurePrint G3 Human GE v2 8x60K Microarray 039381 (Probe Name version)

SUBMITTER: Stefan Tomiuk  

PROVIDER: GSE90594 | GEO | 2017-12-13

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA355129

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Study of gene expression alteration in male androgenetic alopecia: evidence of predominant molecular signalling pathways.

Michel L L   Reygagne P P   Benech P P   Jean-Louis F F   Scalvino S S   Ly Ka So S S   Hamidou Z Z   Bianovici S S   Pouch J J   Ducos B B   Bonnet M M   Bensussan A A   Patatian A A   Lati E E   Wdzieczak-Bakala J J   Choulot J-C JC   Loing E E   Hocquaux M M  

The British journal of dermatology 20171025 5


<h4>Background</h4>Male androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common form of hair loss in men. It is characterized by a distinct pattern of progressive hair loss starting from the frontal area and the vertex of the scalp. Although several genetic risk loci have been identified, relevant genes for AGA remain to be defined.<h4>Objectives</h4>To identify biomarkers associated with AGA.<h4>Methods</h4>Molecular biomarkers associated with premature AGA were identified through gene expression analys  ...[more]

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