Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

38

Altered Genomic Expression of Immune and Metabolic Pathways in a Murine Model of Diesel Enhanced Allergic Sensitization


ABSTRACT: Diesel exhaust (DE) has been shown to enhance allergic sensitization in animals following high dose instillation or chronic inhalation exposure scenarios. The purpose of this study was to determine if short term exposures to diluted DE enhance allergic immune responses to antigen, and identify possible mechanisms using microarray technology. BALB/c mice were exposed to filtered air or diluted DE to yield particle concentrations of 500 or 2000 µg/m3 4 hr/day on days 0-4. Mice were sensitized intranasally with ovalbumin (OVA) antigen or saline on days 0-2, and 18 and all were challenged with OVA on day 28. Mice were necropsied either 4 hrs after the last DE exposure on day 4, or 18, 48, and 96 hrs after challenge. Immunological endpoints included OVA-specific serum IgE, biochemical and cellular profiles of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and cytokine production in the BAL. OVA-sensitized mice exposed to both concentrations of DE had increased eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and IL-6 post-challenge compared to OVA control, while DE/saline exposure yielded increases in neutrophils at the high dose only. Microarray analysis demonstrated distinct gene expression profiles for the high dose DE/OVA and DE/saline groups. DE/OVA induced pathways involved in oxidative stress and metabolism while DE in the absence of allergen sensitization modulated cell cycle control, growth and differentiation, G-proteins, and cell adhesion pathways. This study shows for the first time early changes in gene expression induced by the combination of diesel exhaust inhalation and antigen sensitization, which resulted in stronger development of an allergic asthma phenotype. Keywords: dose response Overall design: Lung RNA was isolated from mice exposed to filtered air, 500 ug/m3 DE, or 2000 ug/m3 DE with or without OVA for a total of 6 exposure groups. Each group had 4 replicates for a total of 24 microarrays.

INSTRUMENT(S): [MOE430A] Affymetrix Mouse Expression 430A Array

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Tina Stevens 

PROVIDER: GSE9383 | GEO | 2008-03-26

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA103097

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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