Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

157

RNA-seq analysis of differential gene expression in jejunal epithelial from Holstein Friesian bulls undergoing diet restriction and compensatory growth


ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of dietary restriction and subsequent re-alimentation induced compensatory growth on the global gene expression profile of jejunum epithelial Holstein Friesian bulls (n=40) were assigned to one of two groups: restricted feed allowance (RES; n=20) for 125 days (Period 1) followed by ad libitum access to feed for 55 days (Period 2) or (ii) ad libitum access to feed throughout (ADLIB; n=20). All bulls received the same diet of 70% concentrate 30% grass silage through out the experimental trial,with the amount of feed provided different dependent on each treatment group. At the end ofeach period, 10 animals from each treatment group (RES, ADLIB) were slaughtered, and jejunum epithelial collected from all animals. RNA was extracted and jejununal epithelium gene expression was examined using RNAseq technology on all samles collected (end of Period 1: 10 samples each from ADLIB and RES groups; end of Period 2: 10 samples each from ADLIB and RES groups). Dietary restriction and subsequent re-alimentation were associated with altered expression of genes involved in digestion and metabolism, aswell as cellular protection and detoxification in jejunal epithelia. This information may be exploited in genomic breeding programmes to assist selection of cattle with a greater ability to compensate following a period dietary restriction. Overall design: 40 jejunumal epithelium RNA samples were analysed in total. 10 samples were from jejunum epithelium collected at the end of a period of dietary restriction (d 125; Period 1) and 10 samples were from jejunum epithelium collected after 55 days of compensatory growth (d 55 of re-alimentation, Period 2). In addition, RNA was also anlaysed from 10 samples collected from animals fed ad libitum at the end of both Period 1 and Period 2.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Bos taurus)

SUBMITTER: Kate Keogh 

PROVIDER: GSE94004 | GEO | 2018-03-29

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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Publications

Effect of dietary restriction and subsequent re-alimentation on the transcriptional profile of bovine jejunal epithelium.

Keogh Kate K   Waters Sinead M SM   Cormican Paul P   Kelly Alan K AK   Kenny David A DA  

PloS one 20180319 3


Compensatory growth (CG), an accelerated growth phenomenon which occurs following a period of dietary restriction is utilised worldwide in animal production systems as a management practise to lower feed costs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of jejunal epithelial to CG in cattle through transcriptional profiling following a period of dietary restriction as well as subsequent re-alimentation induced CG. Sixty Holstein Friesian bulls were separated into two groups; RE  ...[more]

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