MicroRNA-664a-5p promotes neuronal differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells
ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) belong to a class of small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in the transcriptional regulation of gene expression. A number of miRNAs are known to act as key regulator of diverse processes such as neuronal differentiation. In this study, we have attempted to identify novel miRNAs related to neuronal differentiation. 15 upregulated and 8 downregulated miRNAs were identified in SH-SY5Y cells treated with all-trans retinoic acid. We further showed that one of the upregulated miRNAs, miR-664a-5p promoted neuronal differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells. Herein, we report for first time the important role of miR-664a-5p in SH-SY5Y cells. Overall design: To identify miRNAs related to neuronal differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells, we examined miRNA expression levels in undifferentiated SH-SY5Y cells and differentiated SH-SY5Y cells after 2 days and 14 days of retinoic acid treatment.
INSTRUMENT(S): [miRNA-4] Affymetrix Multispecies miRNA-4 Array [ProbeSet ID version]
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. Research on miRNAs has highlighted their importance in neural development, but the specific functions of neurally enriched miRNAs remain poorly understood. We report here the expression profile of miRNAs during neuronal differentiation in the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. Six miRNAs were significantly upregulated during differentiation induced by all-trans-retinoic acid and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. We demonstrated that the ectopic expression of either miR-124a or miR-125b increases the percentage of differentiated SH-SY5Y cells with neurite outgrowth. Subsequently, we focused our functional analysis on miR-125b and demonstrated the important role of this miRNA in both the spontaneous and induced differentiations of SH-SH5Y cells. miR-125b is also upregulated during the differentiation of human neural progenitor ReNcell VM cells, and miR-125b ectopic expression significantly promotes the neurite outgrowth of these cells. To identify the targets of miR-125b regulation, we profiled the global changes in gene expression following miR-125b ectopic expression in SH-SY5Y cells. miR-125b represses 164 genes that contain the seed match sequence of the miRNA and/or that are predicted to be direct targets of miR-125b by conventional methods. Pathway analysis suggests that a subset of miR-125b-repressed targets antagonizes neuronal genes in several neurogenic pathways, thereby mediating the positive effect of miR-125b on neuronal differentiation. We have further validated the binding of miR-125b to the miRNA response elements of 10 selected mRNA targets. Together, we report here for the first time the important role of miR-125b in human neuronal differentiation.
Project description:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease for which the pathophysiological mechanisms of motor neuron loss are not precisely clarified. Environmental and epigenetic mechanisms such as microRNAs (miRNAs) could have a role in disease progression. We studied the expression pattern of miRNAs in ALS serum from 60 patients and 29 healthy controls. We also analyzed how deregulated miRNAs found in serum affected cellular pathways such as apoptosis, autophagy and mitochondrial physiology in SH-SY5Y cells. We found that miR-335-5p was downregulated in ALS serum. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with a specific inhibitor of miR-335-5p and showed abnormal mitochondrial morphology, with an increment of reactive species of oxygen and superoxide dismutase activity. Pro-apoptotic caspases-3 and 7 also showed an increased activity in transfected cells. The downregulation of miR-335-5p, which has an effect on mitophagy, autophagy and apoptosis in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells could have a role in the motor neuron loss observed in ALS.
Project description:We report here the expression profile of microRNAs in human neuronal differentiation in the neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. Six microRNAs were significantly upregulated during differentiation induced by all-trans¬-retinoic acid and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. We demonstrated that ectopic expression of either miR-124a or miR-125b increases the percentage of differentiated SH-SY5Y cells with neurite outgrowth. Subsequently, we focused our functional analysis on miR-125b and demonstrated the important role of this miRNA in both spontaneous and induced differentiation of SH-SH5Y cells, based on neurite outgrowth and neuronal marker expression. In human neural progenitor ReNcell VM cells, miR-125b is also upregulated during differentiation and miR-125b ectopic expression significantly promotes neurite outgrowth. To identify the targets of miR-125b regulation, we profiled the global changes in gene expression following miR-125b ectopic expression in SH-SY5Y cells. miR-125b represses 164 genes that contain the seed match sequence of the microRNA and/or predicted to be direct targets of miR-125b by conventional methods. Pathway analysis suggests that a subset of miR-125b-repressed targets antagonize neuronal genes in several neurogenic pathways, thereby mediating the positive effect of miR-125b on neuronal differentiation. We have further validated the binding of miR-125b to the microRNA response elements of ten selected targets. Together, we report here for the first time the important role of miR-125b in human neuronal differentiation. Keywords: mir125-OE/mir-scrambled control comparison & mir125-KD/mir-scrambled control comparsion Overall design: In this study we sought to understand the role of miRNAs in differentiation of human neural cells using simple in vitro models, human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and human neural progenitor ReNcell VM cells. When sequentially treated with all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), SH-SY5Y cells give rise to fully differentiated neuron-like cells (8). These differentiated SH-SY5Y cells are withdrawn from the cell cycle, express various neuronal markers, and exhibit carbachol-evoked noradrenaline release (8). Moreover, as no glial cell is derived by this process, it is a robust and homogenous model system for investigating neuronal differentiation (8). Using microarrays and Northern blots, we identified a group of miRNAs that are significantly upregulated in differentiated SH-SY5Y cells. We further showed that one of these miRNAs, miR-125b, significantly enhances differentiation and neuronal morphogenesis of SH-SY5Y cells. In addition, this miRNA also promotes neurite outgrowth in human neural progenitor ReNcell VM cells.
Project description:Erythropoietin (EPO) is a neuroprotective cytokine, which has been applied in several animal models presenting neurological disorders. One of the proposed modes of action resulting in neuroprotection is post-transcriptional gene expression regulation. This directly brings to mind microRNAs (miRNAs), which are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. It has not yet been evaluated whether miRNAs participate in the biological effects of EPO or whether it, inversely, modulates specific miRNAs in neuronal cells. In this study, we employed miRNA and mRNA arrays to identify how EPO exerts its biological function. Notably, miR-451 and miR-885-5p are downregulated in EPO-treated SH-SY5Y neuronal-like cells. Accordingly, target prediction and transcriptome analysis of cells treated with EPO revealed an alteration of the expression of genes involved in apoptosis, cell survival, proliferation, and migration. Low expression of miRNAs in SH-SY5Y was correlated with high expression of their target genes, vascular endothelial growth factor A, matrix metallo peptidase 9 (MMP9), cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), erythropoietin receptor, Mini chromosome maintenance complex 5 (MCM5), B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2), and Galanin (GAL). Cell viability, apoptosis, proliferation, and migration assays were carried out for functional analysis after transfection with miRNA mimics, which inhibited some biological actions of EPO such as neuroprotection, anti-oxidation, anti-apoptosis, and migratory effects. In this study, we report for the first time that EPO downregulates the expression of miRNAs (miR-451 and miR-885-5p) in SH-SY5Y neuronal-like cells. The correlation between the over-expression of miRNAs and the decrease in EPO-mediated biological effects suggests that miR-451 and miR-885-5p may play a key role in the mediation of biological function.
Project description:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease characterized by the formation of amyloid beta (A?) or tau protein aggregates, the hallmark of cognitive decline. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as critical factors in neurogenesis and synaptic functions in the central nervous system (CNS). Recent studies have reported alterations in miRNA expression in patients with AD. However, miRNAs associated with AD varied with patient groups or experimental models, suggesting the need for a comparative study to identify miRNAs commonly dysregulated in diverse AD models. Here, we investigated the miRNAs that show dysregulated expression in two different human AD groups and mouse and cellular AD models. After selection of commonly dysregulated miRNAs in these groups, we investigated the pathophysiological significance of miR-142-5p in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells. We found that miR-142-5p was increased upon treatment with A? peptide 1-42 (A?42). Inhibition of miR-142-5p rescued the A?42-mediated synaptic dysfunctions, as indicated by the expression of postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95). Among genes with decreased expression in A?42-treated SH-SY5Y cells, the predicted miR-142-5p target genes were significantly related with neuronal function and synapse plasticity. These findings suggest that dysregulation in miR-142-5p expression contributes the pathogenesis of AD by triggering synaptic dysfunction associated with A?42-mediated pathophysiology.
Project description:Background:MiR-142-5p has been demonstrated to hold significant implications in neurological diseases. However, the impact and underlying regulatory mechanism of miR-142-5p in Parkinson's disease (PD) are still ominous. Methods:To simulate the PD, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-treated SH-SY5Y cell model was used in this study. Levels of messenger RNA and protein were tested by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses, respectively. The direct interaction between miR-142-5p and Beclin 1 (BECN1) was assessed by luciferase reporter assay. Furthermore, Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was performed to assess cytotoxicity of SH-SY5Y cell. Results:In consequence, a significant decrease of miR-142-5p was observed in 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells. Over-/Low-expressed miR-142-5p resulted in a significant enhancement/inhibition on cell vitalities of 6-OHDA-treated SH-SY5Y cells, which might be modulated by repressing cellular autophagy through inhibiting level of BECN1 and LC3 II/LC3 I and elevating P62 level. Luciferase reporter assay showed that the BECN1 was the target gene of miR-142-5p. Additionally, the loss/gain of BECN1 rescued/blocked the effects of miR-142-5p on the viability of 6-OHDA-induced SH-SY5Y cells. Conclusions:These results highlight that miR-142-5p functions as a neuroprotective regulator in 6-OHDA-induced neuronal SH-SY5Y cells simulating PD model in vitro via regulating autophagy-related protein BECN1 and autophagy to influence cell viability.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an emerging class of non-coding endogenous RNAs involved in multiple cellular processes, including cell differentiation. Treatment with retinoic acid (RA) results in neural differentiation of neuroblastoma cells. We wanted to elucidate whether miRNAs contribute to the gene expression changes induced by RA in neuroblastoma cells and whether miRNA regulation is involved in the transduction of the RA signal. We show here that RA treatment of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells results in profound changes in the expression pattern of miRNAs. Up to 42 different miRNA species significantly changed their expression (26 up-regulated and 16 down-regulated). Among them, the closely related miR-10a and -10b showed the most prominent expression changes. Induction of miR-10a and -10b by RA also could be detected in LA-N-1 neuroblastoma cells. Loss of function experiments demonstrated that miR-10a and -10b are essential mediators of RA-induced neuroblastoma differentiation and of the associated changes in migration, invasion, and in vivo metastasis. In addition, we found that the SR-family splicing factor SFRS1 (SF2/ASF) is a target for miR-10a -and -10b in HeLa and SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. We show here that changes in miR-10a and -10b expression levels may regulate SFRS1-dependent alternative splicing and translational functions. Taken together, our results give support to the idea that miRNA regulation plays a key role in RA-induced neuroblastoma cell differentiation. The discovery of SFRS1 as direct target of miR-10a and -10b supports the emerging functional interaction between two post-transcriptional mechanisms, microRNAs and splicing, in the neuronal differentiation context.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRs) downregulate or upregulate the mRNA level by binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of target gene. Dysregulated miR levels can be used as biomarkers of Parkinson's disease (PD) and could participate in the etiology of PD. In the present study, 45 brain-enriched miRs were evaluated in serum samples from 50 normal subjects and 50 sporadic PD patients. The level of miR-204-5p was upregulated in serum samples from PD patients. An upregulated level of miR-204-5p was also observed in the serum and substantia nigra (SN) of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD. Expression of miR-204-5p increased the level of ?-synuclein (?-Syn), phosphorylated (phospho)-?-Syn, tau, or phospho-tau protein and resulted in the activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in SH-SY5Y dopaminergic cells. Expression of miR-204-5p caused autophagy impairment and activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-mediated apoptotic cascade in SH-SY5Y dopaminergic cells. Our study using the bioinformatic method and dual-luciferase reporter analysis suggests that miR-204-5p positively regulates mRNA expression of dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A) by directly interacting with 3'UTR of DYRK1A. The mRNA and protein levels of DYRK1A were increased in SH-SY5Y dopaminergic cells expressing miR-204-5p and SN of MPTP-induced PD mouse model. Knockdown of DYRK1A expression or treatment of the DYRK1A inhibitor harmine attenuated miR-204-5p-induced increase in protein expression of phospho-?-Syn or phospho-tau, ER stress, autophagy impairment, and activation of JNK-mediated apoptotic pathway in SH-SY5Y dopaminergic cells or primary cultured dopaminergic neurons. Our results suggest that upregulated expression of miR-204-5p leads to the death of dopaminergic cells by targeting DYRK1A-mediated ER stress and apoptotic signaling cascade.
Project description:The goal of this study was to determine and compare the effects of the secretome of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from human bone-marrow (BMSCs) and the Wharton jelly surrounding the vein and arteries of the umbilical cord (human umbilical cord perivascular cells (HUCPVCs)) on the survival and differentiation of a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y). For this purpose, SH-SY5Y cells were differentiated with conditioned media (CM) from the MSCs populations referred above. Retinoic acid cultured cells were used as control for neuronal differentiated SH-SY5Y cells. SH-SY5Y cells viability assessment revealed that the secretome of BMSCs and HUCPVCs, in the form of CM, was able to induce their survival. Moreover, immunocytochemical experiments showed that CM from both MSCs was capable of inducing neuronal differentiation of SH-SY5Y cells. Finally, neurite lengths assessment and quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis demonstrated that CM from BMSCs and HUCPVCs differently induced neurite outgrowth and mRNA levels of neuronal markers exhibited by SH-SY5Y cells. Overall, our results show that the secretome of both BMSCs and HUCPVCs was capable of supporting SH-SY5Y cells survival and promoting their differentiation towards a neuronal phenotype.
Project description:Retinoic acid- (RA-) triggered neuroblastoma cell lines are widely used cell modules of neuronal differentiation in neurodegenerative disease studies, but the gene regulatory mechanism underlying differentiation is unclear now. In this study, system biological analysis was performed on public microarray data from three neuroblastoma cell lines (SK-N-SH, SH-SY5Y-A, and SH-SY5Y-E) to explore the potential molecular processes of all-trans retinoic acid- (ATRA-) triggered differentiation. RT-qPCR, functional genomics analysis, western blotting, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and homologous sequence analysis were further performed to validate the gene regulation processes and identify the RA response element in a specific gene. The potential disturbed biological pathways (111 functional GO terms in 14 interactive functional groups) and gene regulatory network (10 regulators and 71 regulated genes) in neuroblastoma differentiation were obtained. 15 of the 71 regulated genes are neuronal projection-related. Among them, NTRK2 is the only one that was dramatically upregulated in the RT-qPCR test that we performed on ATRA-treated SH-SY5Y-A cells. We further found that the overexpression of the NTRK2 gene can trigger differentiation-like changes in SH-SY5Y-A cells. Functional genomic analysis and western blotting assay suggested that, in neuroblastoma cells, ATRA may directly regulate the NTRK2 gene by activating the RA receptor (RAR) that binds in its promoter region. A novel RA response DNA element in the NTRK2 gene was then identified by bioinformatics analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay. The novel element is sequence conservation and position variation among different species. Our study systematically provided the potential regulatory information of ATRA-triggered neuroblastoma differentiation, and in the NTRK2 gene, we identified a novel RA response DNA element, which may contribute to the differentiation in a human-specific manner.