Transcriptomics

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Immune-Responsive Gene 1 expression in myeloid cells prevents neutrophil mediated immunopathology during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, in vivo neutrophil data


ABSTRACT: Immune-Responsive Gene 1 (Irg1) is a mitochondrial enzyme that produces itaconate under inflammatory conditions principally in cells of myeloid lineage. Cell culture studies suggest that itaconate regulates inflammation through inhibitory effects on cytokine and reactive oxygen species production. To evaluate the functions of Irg1 in vivo, we challenged wild-type (WT) and Irg1 KO mice with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and monitored disease progression. Irg1 KO but not WT mice succumbed rapidly to Mtb, and mortality was associated with increased infection, inflammation, and pathology. Infection of LysM-Cre Irg1 flox, MPR8-Cre Irg1 flox, and CD11c-Cre Irg1 flox conditional knockout mice along with neutrophil depletion experiments revealed a role for Irg1 in alveolar macrophages and LysM+ myeloid cells in preventing neutrophil-mediated immunopathology and disease. RNA-seq analyses suggest that Irg1 and its production of itaconate temper Mtb-induced inflammatory responses in myeloid cells at the transcriptional level. Thus, Irg1 modulates inflammation to curtail Mtb-induced lung disease.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus

PROVIDER: GSE98457 | GEO | 2017/08/30

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): PRJNA385147

REPOSITORIES: GEO

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