Dataset Information


Chronic CD4+ T cell Activation & Depletion in HIV-1 Infection: Type I Interferon-Mediated Disruption of T Cell Dynamics

ABSTRACT: The mechanism of CD4(+) T cell depletion during chronic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection remains unknown. Many studies suggest a significant role for chronic CD4(+) T cell activation. We assumed that the pathogenic process of excessive CD4(+) T cell activation would be reflected in the transcriptional profiles of activated CD4(+) T cells. Here we demonstrate that the transcriptional programs of in vivo activated CD4(+) T cells from untreated HIV(+) individuals are clearly different from those activated CD4(+) T cells from HIV(-) individuals. We observed a dramatic up-regulation of cell cycle-associated and interferon-stimulated transcripts in activated CD4(+) T cells of untreated HIV(+) individuals. Furthermore, we find an enrichment of proliferative and Type I interferon-responsive transcription factor binding sites in the promoters of genes that are differentially expressed in activated CD4(+) T cells of untreated HIV(+) individuals compared to HIV(-) individuals. We confirm these findings by examination of in vivo activated CD4(+) T cells. Taken together, these results suggest that activated CD4(+) T cells from untreated HIV(+) individuals are in a hyper-proliferative state that is modulated by Type I interferons. From these results, we propose a new model for CD4(+) T cell depletion during chronic HIV-1 infection. Keywords: disease state analysis Overall design: This experiment compares the expression of CD4+ T-cells obtained from 11 HIV+ individuals with that from comparable 9 HIV- control individuals. Each individual's cells were analyzed on separate single-color chips, and the average values of both biological replicate groups were analyzed for statistical significance. The biological significance of up- and down-regulated probesets/genes was analyzed using the Gene Ontology annotation dataset.


INSTRUMENT(S): [HG-U133_Plus_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Ahmad Sedaghat 




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