Project description:Transcriptional analysis was performed on pre and post excision human induced pluripotent stem cells, the donor human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) they were derived from and control human embryonic stem cells We isolated total RNA from pre and post excision human induced pluripotent stem cells, the donor human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) they were derived from and control human embryonic stem cells and analyzed via Affymetrix microarray analysis.
Project description:Fibroblasts have been shown to re-program into induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cells, through over-expression of pluripotency genes. These hiPS cells show similar characteristics to embryonic stem cells including cell surface markers, epigenetic changes and ability to differentiate into the three germ layers. However it is unclear as to the extent of changes in gene expression through the re-programming process.. This data is part of a pre-publication release. For information on the proper use of pre-publication data shared by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute (including details of any publication moratoria), please see http://www.sanger.ac.uk/datasharing/
Project description:We tried to understand the N-glycoproteom molecular differences between induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells. This is important to improve the reprograming process and induced pluripotency in the context of post translational protein N-glycosylation
Project description:Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells can be generated from somatic cells by transduction with several transcription factors in both mouse and human. However, direct reprogramming in other species has not been reported. Here, we established an efficient method to generate monkey iPS cells from fibroblasts by retrovirus-mediated introduction of the four monkey transcription factors OCT4 (POU5F1), SOX2, KLF4, and c-MYC. The monkey iPS cells displayed ES-like morphology, expressed ES cell-marker genes, shared similar global gene profiles and methylation status in the OCT4 promoter to those of monkey ES cells, and possessed the ability to differentiate into three germ layers in vitro and in vivo. Our results suggest that the mechanism of direct reprogramming is conserved among species. The efficient generation of monkey iPS cells will allow investigation of the feasibility of therapeutic cloning in primate model with various diseases. Keywords: Induced pluripotent stem, iPS, Rhesus monkey We analysed each sample (Rhesus monkey fibroblast, embryonic stem cell (ES) and induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS)) for three replications and sought to see high similarty between iPS and ES.
Project description:"Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are used to study lineage-specific differentiation in culture. We developed a standardized quantitative protocol called STEM-RET to compare eye field specification, optic cup formation, and retinal differentiation across stem cell populations. We reprogrammed individual rod photoreceptors into iPSCs by inducible expression of Oct3/4, Klf4, Sox2, and Myc. We also developed ESC lines from rods by somatic cell nuclear transfer. Using the STEM-RET protocol, we compared the abilities of ESCs, fibroblast-derived iPSCs (f-iPSCs), rod photoreceptor-derived iPSCs (r-iPSCs), and rod photoreceptorderived ESCs to form retinae using STEM-RET. r-iPSCs were the most efficient at producing differentiated retina. Retinae derived from f-iPSCs lacked an inner nuclear layer (INL) and had a concomitant reduction in amacrine cells and other INL cell populations. The INL-specific LIM homeobox gene, Lhx9, was hypermethylated in fiPSCs and concomitantly downregulated in retinae derived from those stem cells. ChIP-seq analysis for H3K36me3, H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K9/14Ac, H3K27me3, H3K9me3, CTCF and 5 hydroxymethyl cytosine showed that the major difference between the r-iPSCs and the f-iPSCs were in the genes marked by the CTCF insulator protein. Importantly, CTCF binding enrichment at rod photoreceptor specific genes was at least 10-fold higher in r-iPSCs relative to f-iPSCs. Taken together, our data suggest that both inhibitory and permissive epigenetic marks important for retinal development can be retained in iPSCs and such marks can be exploited to select the most favorable stem cell population to study retinal development or produce photoreceptor precursors for cell transplantation."